Romans Chapter 4
Theme: Salvation by Faith
• Many people believe in salvation by faith, but not by faith alone.
• Paul demonstrates that salvation is by faith alone, not by any works of man.
V.1-6: Abraham and David Justified by faith
• By pointing to Abraham and David, Paul illustrates how stupid the notion of salvation by works is.
• In Abraham, Paul shows a saint who was saved by faith, not works
• In David, Paul shows a sinner who was not excluded, but was saved by faith.
• If Abraham could not be saved by works, no one could.
V.2: People like to Glory in their own works, but this does not impress God
V.4: A man who trusts in his works only builds up debt.
• Under works, everything depends on the sinner.
• Under grace, everything depends on the savior.
• Under works, God gives a fair trial.
• Under grace, God gives a free pardon.
• One must first plead guilty.
• One who pleads not guilty can only hope for a fair trial
V.7-8: In referring to David, Paul references David’s own writings in Psalm 32:1-2.
V.9-12: Abraham justified before circumcision
• Those who trust in religion are just as lost as those who trust in works.
• no religious observances are necessary for salvation.
• God’s covenant with Abraham already existed before his circumcision, Abraham simply believed.
• Don’t trust in religion. (Paul lost his religion when he got saved, are you ready to lose yours?)
V.13-18: The promise granted through faith
• The only valid rule for salvation is the rule of faith.
• Salvation is an unconditional promise, guaranteed by the faithfulness of God (Galatians 3:17-18)
• The law had to do with a redeemed people who were already in a covenant relationship with God, and was aimed at securing their health, happiness and holiness as God’s people.
V.14: Salvation by works nullifies faith.
V.15-16: The outcome of the law is condemnation, it reveals sin.
• Those who are saved by grace are not under the law; therefore, their sin is no longer remembered.
• It is of faith (V.16)
V.17-22: The principle of faith
• His faith was in a God who gives life to the dead.
• Abraham’s case was hopeless, but it was put in God’s hands.
• He believed by exercising faith in God’s promise. (4:19-20)
• He believed by exercising faith in God’s power. (4:21-22)
V.23-24a: God’s method for Abraham is God’s method for us.
V.24b: Romans 10:9 (confess w/your mouth, believe in your heart)
V.25: Jesus is the only way
John 14:6 (NKJV) 6Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.
• Salvation is by faith and faith alone.
• Are you ready to lose your religion and trust Christ?