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Defeat Stress—As You Discover How to Live In God’s Peace 5-17-09

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Defeat Stress—As You Discover How to Live In God’s Peace

5-17-09

 

Where do you Unplug?

·                    Frenetic Pace

·                    Driven Society—always moving

·                    Peace

o       Charge Batteries

o       Renew

o       Strength that is unshakeable\

Confession

 Perfect Peace only comes from the perfect ONE

·                    From FIXING our mind on HIM

·                    Am I okay

·                    When answered by job—unstable

·                    By the girl or the guy—flighty

·                    By your performance—when you win—you’re great—when you fail you are a loser

·                    Self-loathing when I gauge my peace by others acceptance of me

·                    Good days—great—bad days—rejected

·                    Fragile peace

Perfect peace only comes from watching GOD

Autism Illustration

·                    Chase

·                    Lucy

·                    If you want to live in DOUBLE Portion peace

o       God wants to TRAIN your mind

Mind

Whose mind Is STEADFAST

Steadfast Defined

סָמַך (sāmak) lean upon, lay, put, uphold, support. (ASV, RSV similarly.)

The primary meaning of the root is “to lean upon,” in distinction to its synonyms tāmak (q.v.), which basically means “grasp,” “lay hold of” and sā˓adsustain.”

The best known use of this root is in the laying on of hands. In the Levitical regulations regarding the sacrificial offerings, the offerer brought his proper sacrificial animal in person and laid his hand upon its head, thus expressing identification with the offering, its surrender to God and in the case of guilt, its transfer to the animal (cf. specifically Lev 16:21).

·                    Identification

·                    All that I AM

o       All my sin

o       All my need

o       ID’ed with THIS sacrifice -- Develop

·                    Perfect peace only comes from watching GOD

o       Leaning all that we HAVE on Him

o       Placing our burden ON Him

o       We no longer carry—HE carries

Trust

·                    DEFINE—trust

·                    Matured: confidence—unshakeable

·                    Trust:  EARLY STAGES—LEAN on me

o       Quote Song

o       Proverbs—Trust in Lord with all heart . . . lean not

Circumstantial peace

·                    Deadly

God gives peace that passes understanding

·                    Develop

What do you say about this, Lord?

·                    In boat—Jesus—what do YOU say about this?

STRENGTH

 

  Trust in the Lord forever,

     eFor in Yah, the Lord, is 2everlasting strength.

[1]

Brings a STRENGTH to our lives

·                    Unshakeable

·                    Earthquake—foundation

 

·                    Rock

·                    Fortress—protection—stronghold

·                    The EVERLASTING STRENGTH of God

·                    Let’s you DWELL secure

·                    When you live in a walled city—no one—NOTHING can access you

·                    You are SAFE on the ROCK

·                    The Stronghold is secure

How many want Treasures of this verse in your life?

·                    Speaking to myself right now

·                    Key—develop

·                    TRUST

 

So How do I CULTIVATE  a Steadfast Mind?

·                    Trusting heart?

o       Leaning on—Leaning IN

·                    Discover the Secret Place—and Cultivate it!

o       Ps 91

1     He awho dwells in the secret place of the Most High

     Shall abide bunder the shadow of the Almighty.

[2]

o       Problem:  I forget to go there!!

o       I forget about it?

o       Don’t see it as a resource—

o       Go to meet with God to ‘check the box off’ instead of going to BE with Him

o       False religions—meditation time—go out of their way

o       What are they doing—dangerous stuff—opening spirit door in heart to darkness

o       But they FAITHFULLY go there

o       Why aren’t believers—we’ve got the BEST place

o       We can MEDITATE—in His presence in His word

o       But many Christians don’t know how to CULTIVATE the Secret place!!

Secret place

·                    Some times PHYSICAL place

o       Devotions

o       Touch points within the day

o       Are you CREATING  a Secret Place?

o       How do you do It?

·                    Time of day

o       God is all about APPOINTMENTS

o       REGULAR—Rhythm

o       Healthy—weekly—daily—yearly

§        Feasts—appointed times

§        Did you miss your appointment? He’s waiting for you.

·                    Music—SING place

o       Closet

o       Corner of house

o       Quiet place

·                    Add the Music—worship

o       Not new idea—biblical

o       leather bound hymnals

§        “I come to the garden alone”—

§        Part of the mindset of believers

§        Didn’t need sound system—media

o       Why?  Worship was part of devotions

o       I’m not a singer?!?

§        Noise

§        Cindy Bauer’s cards—spoke outloud

·                    Word

o       Lamp/light

o       Where start—31 days

o       Devotional resources—our goal—Jake/me

o       More than checking box

o       Tool to get us NEAR the heart of the Lord

o       Appointment—meet with HIM

·                    MEMORIZE Scripture

o       Say it out loud

o       Faith comes by EHARING

o       Praise Declarations—3x5 cards

·                    Keep mind FIXED on Him!!

o       When facing battle

o       Get a glimpse of His face

o       Stay close to it in the dark (Chase in car—Autistic Girl on plane)

o       Trust in object permanence

--

·                    Surrender

o       Let Go—Let God

o       Relinquish control

o       Hands on control—relinquish BURDEN

o       Cast Cares on Him

·                    Put up some STRONG boundaries

o       When mind steadfast—decide WHAT YOU WON’T look at!!

o       Protect what you feed on

o       Pop Up Blocker

o       Be FIERCE about this—especially in big battles

o       Jesus—Peter—Get thee behind me Satan!

§        BOUNDARY—won’t even have a Conversation!!

o       Too many believers just say—oh, well—guess that’s what we’re to think about . . . NOT!

o       Allow seeds to be planted—words to be spoken—

o       Offenses rehearsed

o       NOT—whatever is true

So here’s your challenge:

·                    Have you created that ‘secret place’ in your life for you and the Lord?

·                    Don’t miss the chance—do it TODAY—set an appointment

·                    DECIDE WHEN—Now!!

Closing:  Secret Place

Perfect Peace: 

3073 יהוה, יְהוִה, שָׁלֹום [Yâhavah, shalowm /yeh·ho·vaw shaw·lome/] n pr loc. From 3068 and 7965; GK 3378 and 8934; AV translates as “Jehovahshalom” once. 1 the name of a sacred altar built by Gideon in Ophrah. Additional Information: Jehovah-shalom = “Jehovah is peace”.[3]

7965 שָׁלֹום [shalowm, shalom /shaw·lome/] n m. From 7999; TWOT 2401a; GK 8934; 236 occurrences; AV translates as “peace” 175 times, “well” 14 times, “peaceably” nine times, “welfare” five times, “salute + 7592” four times, “prosperity” four times, “did” three times, “safe” three times, “health” twice, “peaceable” twice, and translated miscellaneously 15 times. 1 completeness, soundness, welfare, peace. 1a completeness (in number). 1b safety, soundness (in body). 1c welfare, health, prosperity. 1d peace, quiet, tranquillity, contentment. 1e peace, friendship. 1e1 of human relationships. 1e2 with God especially in covenant relationship. 1f peace (from war). 1g peace (as adjective).

[4]

STEADFAST: 

1514     סָמַך (sāmak) lean upon, lay, put, uphold, support. (ASV, RSV similarly.)

The primary meaning of the root is “to lean upon,” in distinction to its synonyms tāmak (q.v.), which basically means “grasp,” “lay hold of” and sā˓adsustain.”

The best known use of this root is in the laying on of hands. In the Levitical regulations regarding the sacrificial offerings, the offerer brought his proper sacrificial animal in person and laid his hand upon its head, thus expressing identification with the offering, its surrender to God and in the case of guilt, its transfer to the animal (cf. specifically Lev 16:21).

The laying on of hands on the sacrificial animal figured prominently in the regulations for the service of consecration and dedication to the priesthood (Lev 8; cf. Ex 29), a ceremony replete with spiritual application to the ministry of Christ (cf. Heb 10:19–23) and of those called to be his ministers (I Tim 4:14; II Tim 1:6).

The root can also involve the idea of support (Amos 5:19). The Israelites were to learn not to trust in man or nation (II Kgs 18:21; Ezk 30:6), but in God who by his power (Ps 37:24) and word (Ps 119:116) upholds the righteous (Ps 37:17). So will the believer dwell in safety and surety (Ps 3:5 [H 6]) all his life (Ps 71:6) despite those times when he may fall (Ps 145:14).

[5]

5564 סָמַךְ [camak /saw·mak/] v. A primitive root; TWOT 1514; GK 6164; 48 occurrences; AV translates as “lay” 18 times, “uphold” nine times, “put” five times, “lean” three times, “stay” three times, “sustained” three times, “holden up” once, “borne up” once, “established” once, “stand fast” once, “lieth hard” once, “rested” once, and “set” once. 1 to lean, lay, rest, support, put, uphold, lean upon. 1a (Qal). 1a1 to lean or lay upon, rest upon, lean against. 1a2 to support, uphold, sustain. 1b (Niphal) to support or brace oneself. 1c (Piel) to sustain, refresh, revive.

[6]

6164 סָמַךְ (sā∙mǎḵ): v.; ≡ Str 5564; TWOT 1514—1. LN 13.1-13.47 (qal) sustain, uphold, support, i.e., cause a state to continue, with a focus that whatever is necessary to remain in that state is given, including a maintaining power (Ps 3:6[EB 5]; 37:17, 24; 51:14[EB 12]; 54:6[EB 4]; 119:116; 145:14; Isa 59:16; 63:5(2×)+); (qal pass.) be steadfast (Ps 111:8; 112:8; Isa 26:3+), see also domain LN 76; 2. LN 85.32-85.54 (qal) lay, place, put, i.e., place an object on another object by actual touching of the two objects (Ex 29:10, 15, 19; Lev 1:4; 3:2, 8, 13; 4:4, 15, 24, 29, 33; 8:14, 18, 22; 16:21; 24:14; Nu 8:10, 12; 27:18, 23; Dt 34:9; 2Ch 29:23+), note: laying on of hands in a ritual or ceremony is a sign to show transferring/identifying with the object; 3. LN 25.223-25.250 (qal) press, lie heavily, i.e., cause a state of feeling anxious or disconcerted, as an extension of laying an oppressive hand on an object (Ps 88:8[EB 7]+); 4. LN 55.2-55.6 (qal) lay siege, formally, lay hands, i.e., take up offensive positions around a city, stopping movement in and out of the city walls (Eze 24:2+); 5. LN 34.1-34.21 (qal) be an ally, formally, uphold, i.e., be in a political association which will help another country (Eze 30:6+); 6. LN 85.32-85.54 (qal) rest upon, i.e., place an object in a place, with a focus that rest will occur (Am 5:19+); (nif) lean upon, braced against, i.e., be in a stance that uses an object as a support (Jdg 16:29; 2Ki 18:21; Isa 36:6+), see also domain LN 17.29–17.33; 7. LN 23.78-23.87 (qal) sustain, rest, i.e., be in a state of physical refreshment, with the necessities for renewal of strength (Ge 27:37+); (piel) strengthen, refresh (SS 2:5+); 8. LN 31.82-31.101 (nif) rely upon, gain confidence, formally, lean upon, i.e., be a state of trust and belief in something to a great extent (2Ch 32:8; Ps 71:6; Isa 48:2+)

[7]

     3     “The steadfast of mind You will keep in perfect apeace,

Because he trusts in You.

     4     “aTrust in the Lord forever,

For in 1God the Lord, we have an everlasting bRock.

[8]

 

A steadfast mind TRUSTS:

 

trust (cf. Arabic بَطَحَ (baṭaḥa) to throw one down upon his face Thes, اِنْبَطَحَ (˒inbaṭaḥa) lie extended on the ground, ‘se reposer sur quelqu’un’ Fl MV)Qal Pf. בָּטַח ψ 28:7 + 35 times; Impf. יִבְטַח Jb 40:23 + 27 times; Imv. בְּטַח ψ 37:3 + 8 times; Inf. abs. בָּטוֹחַ Is 59:4, cstr. בְּטֹחַ ψ 118:8 + 2 times; Pt. בֹּטֵחַ ψ 21:8 + 35 times; pass. בָּטוּחַ ψ 112:7 Is 26:3. i. trust. 1. abs. Is 12:2. 2. with cogn. acc. מה הבטחון הזה אשׁר בטחת what is this trust that thou dost trust?[9]

982 בָּטוּחַ, בָּטַח, בָּטַח [batach /baw·takh/] v. A primitive root; TWOT 233; GK 1052 and 1053 and 1054; 120 occurrences; AV translates as “trust” 103 times, “confidence” four times, “secure” four times, “confident” twice, “bold” once, “careless” once, “hope” once, “hoped” once, “ones” once, “sure” once, and “women” once. 1 to trust. 1a (Qal). 1a1 to trust, trust in. 1a2 to have confidence, be confident. 1a3 to be bold. 1a4 to be secure. 1b (Hiphil). 1b1 to cause to trust, make secure. 2 (TWOT) to feel safe, be careless.

[10]

233     בָּטַח (bāṭaḥ) I, trust in, feel safe, be confident, careless. (ASV similar. RSV Usually similar but occasionally “rely on.”)

Derivatives

233a     בֶּטַח (beṭaḥ) safety.

233b     בִּטְחָה (biṭĕḥâ) trust.

233c     בִּטָּחוֹן (biṭṭāḥôn) confidence.

233d     בַּטֻּחוֹת (baṭṭūḥôt) security.

233e     מִבְטַח (mibṭaḥ) trust.

This is one of two words used in the ot to express trust or reliance upon, the other being ḥāsâ (q.v.). There is no clear cognate in the other Semitic languages although KB sees a connection with Arabic baṭaḥa “to be stretched out, taut” (cf. especially the VII stem). The basic idea would then have to do with firmness or solidity. Be that as it may, in Hebrew, bāṭaḥ expresses that sense of well-being and security which results from having something or someone in whom to place confidence. It is significant that the LXX never translates this word with πιστευω “believe in” but with ελπιζω “to hope,” in the positive sense “to rely on God” or πειφομαι “to be persuaded,” for the negative notion for relying on what turns out to be deceptive. This would seem to indicate that bāṭaḥ does not connote that full-orbed intellectual and volitional response to revelation which is involved in “faith,” rather stressing the feeling of being safe or secure. Likewise, all the derivatives have the same meaning “to feel secure,” “be unconcerned.”

[The word bāṭaḥ has an ambivalent connotation when used of human relationships. The folk “living at ease” with their neighbors suffered for their credulity and gullibility, while those taking advantage of their careless posture are censured: cf. the false security of the Shechemites vs. the cruelty of Levi and Simeon (Gen 34:25), of Israel vs. Gog (Ezk 38:10–11). Proverbs 3:29 explicitly warns against taking advantage of a trusting neighbor. b.k.w.]

In general, the ot contrasts the validity of that sense of confidence which comes from reliance upon God with the folly of any other kind of security. It is made plain that all such trust will end in disgrace and shame (Ps 31:14 [H 15], see bôš), whereas those whose hope is in God alone will be delivered from their enemies (Ps 22:4 [H 5]); their prayers will be answered (I Chr 5:20); they will walk in straight paths (Prov 3:5); will be given joy and gladness (Ps 16:9; 33:21); will know inner peace and absence of fear (Ps 4:8 [H 9]; Isa 26:3); etc. Hence, the repeated admonition to trust in the Lord (Prov 16:20; Isa 30:15; Jer 17:7).

The Psalms, which show the largest number of occurrences (50 out of a total of 181), are most consistently expressive of the values of trust in God. They also make the point that the cause for hope is not in one’s merit with God or in some sort of “tit-for-tat” arrangement, but only because of God’s ḥesed (q.v.), his unswerving loyalty, his gracious kindness. Ezekiel 33:13 makes it plain that no one dare hope for life on the basis of his own righteousness and Jer 7:4, 8, 14 show the folly of trusting in sacred formulas and structures. In this sense the ot foreshadows the nt in its proclamation that there is hope for those who accept God’s gift of eternal life through Jesus Christ.

This hope in God is not a sort of querulous wishing, but a confident expectation. Unlike the pagan religions where unremitted anxiety was the rule, the Hebrew religion knew a God whose chief characteristic was faithfulness and trustworthiness (Deut 33:28; I Sam 12:11; Ps 27:3). This contrast between anxiety and confidence becomes all the more striking when one recalls that the pagan was never left without mechanisms whereby he felt he had some control over his destiny, while the devout Hebrew knew himself to be utterly without personal resources. But better to be utterly dependent on a gracious and dependable God, than left to one’s own devices in a sea of fickle gods, vengeful demons, and inscrutable magical forces. In view of these facts God’s sovereign control of man’s destiny and God’s total dependability, putting one’s confidence in anything but God is seen to be utterly groundless. However, trust in God is not an automatic guarantee of protection from any and all harm. Nor is refusal to trust God necessarily the road to poverty and deprivation. In the face of his comforters’ bland assurances, Job points out these apparent contradictions in some biting sarcasms (12:6; 24:23). Yet, even Job in his anguish must admit that any other source of security is ultimately valueless (31:24; cf. 39:11; cf. also Isa 50:10).

The ot considers these sources of false security in some detail in order to show by contrast the excellence of hope in God. The list includes man (Ps 118:8; 146:3; Prov 25:19; Jer 17:5); wickedness (Isa 47:10); violence and oppression (Ps 55:23 [H 24]; 62:10 [H 11]; Isa 30:12); riches (Ps 49:6 [H 7]; 52:7 [H 9]; Prov 11:28); idols (Ps 31:6 [H 7]; 115:8; Isa 42:17; Hab 2:18); military power (Deut 28:52; Ps 44:6 [H 7]; Isa 31:1; Jer 5:17; Hos 10:13); religion (Jer 7:4, 8, 14); one’s own righteousness (Ezk 33:13; Hos 10:13); foreign alliances (Isa 36:4ff; Ezk 29:16). In particular the Bible heaps scorn upon those who live in complacency, never having evaluated the flimsy basis for such complacency (Isa 32:9–11; Ezk 30:9; Amos 6:1).

Perhaps the place where the central issues revolving around bāṭaḥ are seen most clearly in a brief compass is II Kgs 18 and 19 where the Assyrian Rabshakeh challenges the worth of Hezekiah’s trust in God and where that trust is fully vindicated. The word occurs 20 times here and in the parallel passages (Isa 36–37; II Chr 32). In human relations, only one area of trust is commended: a husband in a wife of noble character (Prov 31:1 I, NIV).

[11]

1052 בָּטוּחַ (bā∙ṭûaḥ): adj. [BDB: qal ptcp.pass.masc. of 1053]; ≡ Str 982; TWOT 233—LN 31.82-31.101 confident, trusting, i.e., pertaining to placing reliance or belief in a person or object (Ps 112:7; Isa 26:3+)

בּטח (bṭḥ)[1] or I. בטח (bṭḥ): see 1053

בּטח (bṭḥ)[2] or II. בטח (bṭḥ): see 1054

1053 I. בָּטַח (bā∙ṭǎḥ): v.; ≡ Str 982; TWOT 233—LN 31.82-31.101 (qal) trust, rely on, put confidence in, i.e., believe in a person or object to the point of reliance upon (2Ki 18:5); (hif) lead to believe, make trust (2Ki 18:30; Ps 22:10[EB 9]; Isa 36:15; Jer 28:15; 29:31+), note: (qal pass.) (Ps 112:7; Isa 26:3+), see 1052

1054 II. בָּטַח (bā∙ṭǎḥ): v.; ≡ Str 982; TWOT 233—LN 15.224-15.229 (qal) stumble, fall, trip, i.e., take a misstep and so then either stay in a vertical stance but out of bodily control, or actually fall to the ground (Jer 12:5+)

[12]

 

 


----

ASV American Standard Version of the Bible

RSV Revised Standard Version of the Bible Whose mind Is STEADFAST

Steadfast Defined

סָמַך (sāmak) lean upon, lay, put, uphold, support. (ASV, RSV similarly.)

The primary meaning of the root is “to lean upon,” in distinction to its synonyms tāmak (q.v.), which basically means “grasp,” “lay hold of” and sā˓adsustain.”

The best known use of this root is in the laying on of hands. In the Levitical regulations regarding the sacrificial offerings, the offerer brought his proper sacrificial animal in person and laid his hand upon its head, thus expressing identification with the offering, its surrender to God and in the case of guilt, its transfer to the animal (cf. specifically Lev 16:21).

·                    Identification

·                    All that I AM

o       All my sin

o       All my need

o       ID’ed with THIS sacrifice -- Develop

·                    Perfect peace only comes from watching GOD

o       Leaning all that we HAVE on Him

o       Placing our burden ON Him

o       We no longer carry—HE carries

e Is. 12:2; 45:17

2 Or Rock of Ages

[1]The New King James Version. 1982 (Is 26:3-4). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

a Ps. 27:5; 31:20; 32:7

b Ps. 17:8; Is. 25:4; 32:2

[2]The New King James Version. 1982 (Ps 91:1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

n n: noun

pr pr: proper noun or pronoun

loc loc: location

GK Goodrick-Kohlenberger

AV Authorized Version

[3]Strong, J. (1996). The exhaustive concordance of the Bible : Showing every word of the test of the common English version of the canonical books, and every occurence of each word in regular order. (electronic ed.) (H3073). Ontario: Woodside Bible Fellowship.

n n: noun

m m: masculine

TWOT Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament

GK Goodrick-Kohlenberger

AV Authorized Version

[4]Strong, J. (1996). The exhaustive concordance of the Bible : Showing every word of the test of the common English version of the canonical books, and every occurence of each word in regular order. (electronic ed.) (H7965). Ontario: Woodside Bible Fellowship.

ASV American Standard Version of the Bible

RSV Revised Standard Version of the Bible

[5]Harris, R. L., Harris, R. L., Archer, G. L., & Waltke, B. K. (1999, c1980). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (electronic ed.) (628). Chicago: Moody Press.

v v: verb

TWOT Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament

GK Goodrick-Kohlenberger

AV Authorized Version

[6]Strong, J. (1996). The exhaustive concordance of the Bible : Showing every word of the test of the common English version of the canonical books, and every occurence of each word in regular order. (electronic ed.) (H5564). Ontario: Woodside Bible Fellowship.

v. verb

Str Strong’s Lexicon

TWOT Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament

LN Louw-Nida Greek-English Lexicon

qal Qal

EB English Bible versification

(2×) The word defined occurs twice in this verse

+ I have cited every reference in regard to this lexeme discussed under this definition.

pass. passive

nif Niphal

piel Piʾel

[7]Swanson, J. (1997). Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains : Hebrew (Old Testament) (electronic ed.) (DBLH 6164, #8). Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems, Inc.

a Is 26:12; 27:5; 57:19; 66:12

a Is 12:2; 50:10; 51:5

1 Heb Yah, usually rendered Lord

b Is 17:10; 30:29; 44:8

[8]New American Standard Bible : 1995 update. 1995 (Is 26:3-4). LaHabra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.

cf. confer, compare.

Thes W. Gesenius, Thesaurus Linguae Hebraeae.

Fl H.L. Fleischer.

MV Gesenius, Handwörterbuch über das A. T., edd. F. Mühlau & W. Volck.

Pf. Perfect.

+ plus, denotes often that other passages, etc., might be cited. So also where the forms of verbs, nouns, and adjectives are illustrated by citations, near the beginning of articles; while ‘etc.’ in such connexions commonly indicates that other forms of the word occur, which it has not been thought worth while to cite.

Impf. Imperfect.

Imv. Imperative.

Inf. Infinitive.

abs. absolute.

cstr. construct.

Pt. Participle.

pass. passive.

acc. accusative (direct obj. etc.)

[9]Brown, F., Driver, S. R., & Briggs, C. A. (2000). Enhanced Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon. Strong's, TWOT, and GK references Copyright 2000 by Logos Research Systems, Inc. (electronic ed.) (105). Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems.

v v: verb

TWOT Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament

GK Goodrick-Kohlenberger

AV Authorized Version

[10]Strong, J. (1996). The exhaustive concordance of the Bible : Showing every word of the test of the common English version of the canonical books, and every occurence of each word in regular order. (electronic ed.) (H982). Ontario: Woodside Bible Fellowship.

ASV American Standard Version of the Bible

RSV Revised Standard Version of the Bible

KB L. Koehler and W. Baumgartner, Lexicon in Veteris Testamenti Libros, 2nd ed., Eng.-Ger., 1958

LXX The Septuagint Version of the Old Testament in Greek

NIV New International Version of the Bible

[11]Harris, R. L., Harris, R. L., Archer, G. L., & Waltke, B. K. (1999, c1980). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (electronic ed.) (101). Chicago: Moody Press.

adj. adjective, or adjectival

BDB Brown, Driver, Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon

qal Qal

ptcp. participle

pass. passive

masc. masculine

Str Strong’s Lexicon

TWOT Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament

LN Louw-Nida Greek-English Lexicon

+ I have cited every reference in regard to this lexeme discussed under this definition.

v. verb

hif Hiphil

EB English Bible versification

[12]Swanson, J. (1997). Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains : Hebrew (Old Testament) (electronic ed.) (DBLH 1052-1054). Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems, Inc.

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