Hebrews #01 God Speaks

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Forward in Faith #01

Hebrews 1:1-3

God Speaks

Well we begin today a new journey in the scriptures.  We begin a series of messages through the Letter to the Hebrews.  Our journey will take us Forward in Faith.  The writer of the book of Hebrews gave us great work on the Faith we profess.

The writer of this book preaches Jesus and challenges us to leave the wilderness of disbelief and enter in to the Promised Land of Faith and continue there with Jesus.  To follow the Example of the faithful of every generation who have gone before us. 

While this is a powerful book, it has not come to us without question and controversy

When was it written?

To whom was it written?

Who wrote it?

Well, it was written earlier than 95 because the church Father and a fellow laborer of Paul, Clement of Rome quotes from this book. 

It was written most likely before 70 AD because it is written to Hebrews and it no where mentions the fall of Jerusalem and destruction of the Temple.

Timothy is still alive and referred to in 13:23

So it is safe to believe that it was written around 68-69 AD … but we don’t really care much about that do we?

To Whom was it written?  That too is uncertain.  However, it seems to be written to a specific particular community

The writer seems to have 1st hand knowledge of their past and present situation.  He seems to be linked to them

This particular group seems to be chiefly Jewish in heritage though followers of Jesus Christ.

Some believe that it was written to a group in Colosse or Corinth

Others believe it was written to a group in Rome as 13:24 talks of “those from Italy”. 

Still others have wondered if it were written to some in Cyprus or to Cyrene of Libya in North Africa

Perhaps they had been connected to some like those in Qumran who were a sect that embraced a wilderness experience instead of the goodness of entering the New Covenant. 

But we can be reasonably confident that this book was written to a group of Jewish Christians or those in a Jewish Community considering Jesus Christ.

But Who wrote this book? Can we be certain of that?

As early as 150 AD some church Fathers believed that Paul wrote this letter.

Clement thought Paul wrote it in Hebrew and Luke translated it into Greek

Origin thought the style didn’t fit Paul but he said “Only God knows

Jerome and Augustine believed Paul wrote it

Many modern scholars though have dismissed Paul as the writer

They say that the writer had Paul’s way of thinking but with slight but important differences

Tertullian in the late 2nd Century early 3rd believed that Barnabas wrote it.

Many names have been suggested as authors of this epistle. 

Names like Clement of Rome, Luke, Silvanus, John Mark, Philip the Evangelist, Priscilla or Apollos, Barnabas, and Paul. 

Apollos seems the most popular alternate to Paul.  Martin Luther believed this and made it a popular way of thinking. 

The earliest writers listed either Paul or Barnabas.

Of course Paul is accepted as an Apostle and had seen Jesus.  As was a requirement for Apostleship.

Barnabas was an Apostle, Act 14:4,14, so he fits that criteria.

So, I guess it is uncertain who wrote this book.

Or is it?

Who wrote most of the Psalms?


Who wrote Psalm 95?


Hebrews 4:7 says David wrote Psalm 95. 

Or did it?

Who Wrote Psalm 95?

Hebrews 4:7 says “God… spoke through David … Today if you hear his voice don’t harden your hearts.”

Hebrews 3:7 is more specific and says “So, as the Holy Spirit says: ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts”

Who wrote the Psalms?

David? NO

The Holy Spirit wrote the Psalms

GOD The Holy Spirit SPOKE THROUGH David

It took 4 Centuries for the church to fully embrace the Epistle to the Hebrews because they weren’t certain the earthly author

In our Bible we do not have the Word of Moses, and David, Isaiah, Solomon, Daniel, Matthew, Mark, Luke John, Paul, James, Peter, or Apollos or Barnabas for that matter.  We have the Word of God given through the 3rd Person of the Trinity, The Holy Spirit.

We need not be too wrapped up in the earthly author causing us to forget that they are just vessels containing the Inspiration of the Holy Spirit

2 Timothy 3:16 (NIV)
16 All Scripture is God-breathed …

2 Peter 1:21 (NIV)
21 For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

Before we open our Bibles, before we open the individual books, we have to come to the conclusion that GOD SPEAKS to Us.  God the Holy Spirit Speaks to us.

God the Holy Spirit Reveals God the Son who is the full Essence of the Father to us …


READ with Me

READ 1:1-3

God Speaks He always Has Spoken to men

“God Spoke at many times and in various ways”

Quickly a few things about the Way God has Spoken to his people

God Spoke

1. To Our Forefathers v1a

Long before we ever had this Bible, God Spoke to our Forefathers

God walked with Adam and Eve and spoke with them like a Friend

God spoke to Cain and Able

God walked with Enoch

God Spoke to Noah

God Spoke to Abraham like a Friend, face to face

God spoke to Hagar

God Spoke to Isaac

God spoke to Jacob

God spoke to Joseph with dreams

God spoke to Moses

God spoke to his people because there was no other vehicle of Revelation

God Spoke to our forefathers in the faith

God spoke to Moses and gave him the law.

God would speak to Moses in the Tent of Meeting and Moses would come and speak to the people what God said to him

And a new way of Revelation was opened up

God Spoke

2. Through the Prophets v1b

God spoke through his law but the Revelation was still incomplete and he would speak through his prophets.

God would speak to Samuel and he would speak to the King

God would speak to the Prophets and give them a Revelation of his Glory

God revealed himself to David, to Solomon as Prophetic Kings

The Lord Spoke to Isaiah revealing the greatness of his Glory in the 2nd Person of the Trinity, and Isaiah told us in Isaiah 6 that the God is high and lifted up and the train of his robe fills the Temple.  We learned that there are seraphs surrounding him saying “Holy Holy Holy is the Lord God Almighty, the whole earth is full of his glory.”

Each of the Prophets spoke the Word of God as they were carried along by his Spirit

Each revelation of God gave us a further glimpse at God.

It was like seeing little piece of a puzzle and trying to understand the whole of God.

God has been speaking for all of History

He has been speaking through the sunrise and sunset

He has been calling in a gentle summer rain and in a torrential storm

He has spoken through cicadas in the night and a Cardinal’s song by Day.

He has spoken through a partial revelation of the law and the partial revelation of Job and David and Isaiah and Daniel, through Ezekiel, Amos, Jonah, Zechariah, Malachi and all the other prophets.

Each Revelation was but a piece of God’s Revelation of himself.

All the pieces were designed to fit together

And all pieces when put together from the Garden through the Law, out of the mouths of the Prophets … a jigsaw that together Reveals the one who will give us the revelation of God in it’s fullness

It is Jesus Christ who gives us the Full Revelation of God

It is Jesus Christ that Speaks God to us completely

God Spoke to the Patriarchs

God Spoke Through the Prophets

The Tabernacle

The Altar

The Laver for washing

The Table of showbread

The Incense

The Veil

The Holy of Holies

The Ark of the Covenant –

The Mercy Seat

None of it was enough to give us ALL of the Revelation

God spoke to our forefathers

God spoke through the prophets but then …

God Speaks By His Son Jesus Christ

3. By His Son vv2-3

Jesus is the FULL Revelation of God and he has come in these

  A. Last Days

What Last days?  Obviously this writer was not speaking of the end of time but the end of Revelation

In these last days, in these days when the Revelation ends … it ends because we HAVE the FULLNESS of Revelation as God

    1. Still speaks through his Son – Jesus Christ came in the flesh and revealed himself to us.  He came and Revealed God in all his fullness

In Him, Jesus, the fullness of God dwells in bodily form

Jesus Christ spoke in the flesh.  But Jesus Christ speaks still through the recorded Revelation of him.  He speaks through the Gospels that record his deeds.  He speaks through the Revelation of his doctrine as given to us by his Apostles.  He speaks completely and he speaks with integrity, he speaks in power and might.  He speaks without error.

We know that we have God’s Revelation in all fullness through his Son Jesus Christ Revealed in His Word Fully and there is

    2. No New Revelation

Be careful church.  Jesus does reveal himself to you in a fresh way but it comes as you see and believe his Revelation found in scripture.

Any revelation that God will give you today will be understanding of the TRUTH already recorded in scripture. 

If someone tells you that they have a NEW REVELATION of God that is extra Biblical.  They say they have a new Revelation of God not recorded in Scripture or in contradiction to scripture, you can write them off

We HAVE the Full Revelation of Jesus

There is NOT Another Jesus … Paul said if anyone comes preaching ANOTHER Jesus, you are not to receive them

John said that no one should add to or take FROM this Revelation as he wrote the final word of God’s Revelation of Jesus Christ in the book of that name.  The Revelation of Jesus Christ, written at the end of the 1st Century. 

The Revelation is closed

The Canon is complete

What a beautiful gift we have in a complete canon of scripture that is settled and sealed.  We don’t have to wonder, is there more?  Is there something or someone else we need to be given to know God?  Are there new discoveries? 

Everything you need to know about God is found in Jesus Christ and revealed in his Word

The Old Revelation was wonderful but incomplete

It was powerful but not able to make us perfect

It was useful but not fully able

But in JESUS … we have

  B. The Perfect Word

I want to know God better

I want a fuller understanding of God

I want to know what God would do my circumstance

I want to know the power of God …

I want you to have the answer …

Paul said it … “I want to know Christ”

Jesus said “if you have seen me you have seen the Father”

“I and the Father are one”

The Book of Hebrews was written to offer you Jesus Christ





Object of Faith

Lord of All

Who is it that Speaks to Us?

It is Jesus Christ … He is the

    1. Radiance of Glory or the brightness of his Father’s Glory (KJV)

Everything that can be known about the Father can be seen in the Son

John said In the Beginning was the Word and the Word was WITH God and the Word WAS God. 

Matthew Henry says “As the beams are emanations of the sun, of the Father and fountain of light, Jesus Christ in his person is God manifest in the flesh, he is light of light, the true Shechinah Glory. 

He isn’t just LIKE God as a mirror he IS God in Nature … the

    2. Exact Representation

The Greek Word here is charakter /khar-ak-tare/ does that look familiar?  Like our word Character … the instrument used for engraving or carving, the mark stamped upon that instrument or wrought out of it, the exact impression, the exact expression, precise reproduction in every respect, i.e. facsimile

When Jesus was incarnated he carved God into flesh, he is the Character of God exactly.

He has the exact image and likeness of God

Jesus said “Anyone who has seen me as seen the Father” John 14:9

God’s Power is seen in the Son who walked on water, calmed storms, healed sick and infirmed, and raised the Dead.

God’s wisdom is seen in Jesus who knew the hearts of men, knew his purpose and future, and knew the future that awaits this world

God’s goodness is seen Jesus who saw hungry people and fed them or who wept over the city, and who forgave sins.

Jesus Christ reveals God to us as the exact representation of God

Adam was a type of Christ

Noah is a Type of Christ

Joseph was a Type of Christ

David was a type of Christ

The Law was a type of Christ

Jesus Christ is GOD EXACTLY not typically.  He is the FULLNESS OF GOD in bodily form Colossians 2:9

    3. Sustaining all things by his Powerful Word

The word “sustaining” is phero – to carry some burden, to bear as borne in a ship over a sea

Jesus Christ didn’t Just Create all things he Sustains all things

Without Jesus Christ we will drown in the sea

He is our ship that maintains us along our journey

All things are sustained by him

All things will be transported to the other side

 You need not fear that this world will not make it or be sustained until God is finished

Jesus is ABLE to maintain this world until he rebuilds a New Heaven and a New Earth. 

Colossians 1:17 says He is before all things, and in him all things hold together

Sustained by his Dynamis Rhema – that is his Inherently Powerful LIVING, UTTERED, SPOKEN Word

Jesus is the Revelation of our Sustaining Upholding God

    4. Providing Purification

Providing is the word poieo/poy-eh-o/ to makekatharismos – cleansing, purification, washing – The Law showed us we were dirty in our sin and provided a way to be forgiven temporarily.  But in Jesus Christ was have the washing and purifying power of God to not just forgive us of our sins but CLEANSE us and make us clean.  We didn’t HAVE the Ability so he provided it by making purity for us manufacturing it for us at the Cross.

Jesus Reveals a Purifying God

And a

    5. Finisher … as Jesus upon leaving the Manufacturing Cross, Leaving the Tomb, Ascending to Heaven back to the Presence of the Father and he didn’t go there to find MORE to be done, he went there FINISHED.  He SAT DOWN – kathizo – to sit down, set appoint, to confer a kingdom on one, to settle

In Jesus Christ we see the God who has settled the matter

Sins are Forgiven

Righteousness is Provided

The World is Sustained

The Matter is Settled

God spoke to our forefathers

He Spoke through Prophets

But Today he Speaks to Us By Jesus Christ

Oh the Message is identified by its Messenger

You don’t believe everything you read

I Read that Billy Graham was an Alien

I Read that There was an Alligator Boy in Florida

But well it was in a Grocery Store Aisle Ragazine

The Message doesn’t mean much from a bad Messenger

So God sent JESUS

The Radiance of God

The Exact Representation of God

The Sustainer


And Finisher of all things in God’s Plan

So who are YOU going to Listen to

And Jesus Still Speaks

Do you hear him today

What did the Holy Spirit say through David in

Psalm 95:7,8 “Today if you hear his Voice, don’t harden your heart”

Don’t turn away,

open you ears

Open your heart

Open Your Life

Listen to the Voice of God

His Name is Jesus

This IS His Word

You can Believe it

You can Follow it

Do you hear Him?

Several Years ago, a soap company came up with a new marketing scheme

They believed that they had PERFECT SOAP, PURE SOAP and They couldn’t Make it any Better, any Purer, any more PERFECT … so what could they do?

They said “As we couldn’t improve our product, we improved the box

Oh people, Jesus wasn’t an improvement on the Plan of God, or the message of God, he was just a Better Messenger, a Better Box, a Fulfillment of the Plan of God. 

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