Sermon Acts 2
1.Exercise 1 John 1:9 If 3rd class condition (Maybe we will, maybe we won't) confess our sins. (???????? homologe?; from ???????? homologos (of one mind); to speak the same, to agree:— acknowledge(2), admit(1), assured(1), confess(6), He is faithful and Just to forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
Thomas, R. L. (1998, 1981). New American Standard Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek dictionaries : Updated edition (H8674). Anaheim: Foundation Publications, Inc.
Last time we went over 1st Corinthians 13:1-13
http://www.biblestudymanuals.net/if_then.htm Info on the if clauses.
irtue Love 1 John 2:3-6 And in this we know experientially (Saintiffaction Phase 2) that we have come to know Him experientially, and are in that state at the present time. If we are continually having a solicitous, watchful care in safeguarding His doctrine by obeying them. (Taking in doctrine, believing it, and applying it to our lives) He who keeps on saying, I have come to know God experientially and as a present result am in that state, and His Doctrine is not consistently safeguarding with solicitous care, is a liar, and in this one the truth does not exist. But whoever consistently with a solicitous care is keeping His Doctrine, truly, in this one has the love of God has been brought to its completion with the present result that it is in that state of completion1
13 If (1st class and I do) I speak with the tongues of men and of angels,(2nd Class and I don’t) but have not Virtue love, ( ????? [agape /ag·ah·pay/]) I like a noisy musical instrument that their for a moment and then fades away.
And if I (and I do) have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I (and I do remember Paul’s prayers in Acts 16) have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing. 2
8 Virtue Love never ends. But as for prophecies, they will (Katerago) be made inactive; as for tongues, they will fade out ;(Paumai) as for knowledge, it will also be made inactive. 9 For we know only in part, and we prophesy only in part; 10 but when the complete (Telious nueter gender, cannon) comes, the partial will come to an end. 11 When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child; when I became an ad ult, I put an end to childish ways. 12 For now we see in a mirror, dimly,b but then (when the completed scriptures are available) we will see face to face. Now I know only in part; then I will know fully, even as I have been fully known. 13 And now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; and the greatest of these is Virtue love.
We learned last time that the greatest thing a Believer can have greater than all the temporary gifts like prophecy, knowledge, this greater thing that has been made available through the death burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ is Virtue love. Paul was letting the Corinthians know that Virtue love was more important then all the temporary gifts. Virtue love is only achieved by the Knowledge, belief, and Application to doctrine. . Spiritual Maturity is achieved by Knowledge belief and Application to doctrine + Sustained momentum in the FHS. + Evidence Testing (James 1:1-4) = Spiritual growth
In the next chapter 1 Corinthians 14:19) Paul goes onto say that he valued 5 words of Biblical edification under the mentorship of God the Holy Spirit, over 10000 words of Tongues. You can go ahead and throw in that ratio with relates to music as well. (Col 3:16) Music is important as we grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ, we are to Sing songs and hymns but the the importance of music compared to doctrine should be viewed in the same light as what Paul thought about Tongues compared to Doctrine. He said he would value more 5 words of doctrine over ten thousand words of Tongues.
By that logic God values 5 words of doctrine more than 10000 words of songs also. The true worship service should be packed with doctrine first. Then a few songs. When the music begins to cut into the teaching ministry of God the Holy Spirit it becomes undoctrinal and a distraction.
We also learned from 1 Corinthians 13 that gifts like prophecy and Tongues were temporary. And when the “Perfect” comes those gifts would cease. We identified what the perfect was The greek word for perfect was Telious. It was in the gender neutral meaning it couldn't refer to a person like the Pentecostals would have you believe. The “Perfect” therefore could not and did not refer to Jesus Christ. But referred to the completed New Testament. Paul goes use the analogy of Infant to Adulthood. When the Christian church was in its beginning stages “Infancy” they spoke “as a child” through temporary gifts like “tongues, prophecy, knowledge. However once the complete (completed cannon of scripture) had arrived the “mind of Christ” (Philippians 2:5) those gifts were no longer needed. Just as once you become a man the “child like” way of doing things is no longer necessary.
We had all of this introduction then we started to look at Acts chapter 2. Now keep in mind that 2:1. The day of Pentecost was an annual feast that followed the Feast of Firstfruits by a week of weeks (i.e.4, 7x7 seven weeks, or 49 days) and therefore also was called the Feast of Weeks (cf. Lev. 23:15-22). The name “Pentecost,” of Greek derivation, means 50 because it was the 50th day after the Firstfruits feast (Lev. 23:16).5
We mentioned last time when the 12 disciples engaged in tongues that they were speaking in real languages not gibberish We stopped at Peters sermon. The outline of this sermon goes as follows:
I. This is the fulfillment of prophecy (vv. 15-21)
A. A defense (v. 15)
B. An explanation (vv. 16-21)
II. Jesus is the Messiah (vv. 22-32)
A. His works attest that He is the Messiah (v. 22)
B. His resurrection attests that He is the Messiah (vv. 23-32)
III. Jesus, the glorified Messiah, poured forth the Holy Spirit (vv. 33-36)
IV.Application (vv. 37-40)
Defense 15. Indeed, they are not drunk, as you suppose, for it is only nine o’clock in the morning.6
(Peter began with a rebuttal of their accusation of drunkenness. It was only 9 in the morning (lit., “the third hour of the day”; days began at 6 a.m.), far too early for a group of revelers to be inebriated!)
16 but this is what was spoken of through the prophet Joel: We also mentioned last time that Peter was saying that this event that is “Pentecost” was like the prophecy given by Joel. But only the first part of the prophecy. The “Sun into darkness” and the “Moon into Blood” is still yet to be fulfilled.
22 “Men of Israel, listen to these words: a7Jesus the Nazarene, ba man 1attested to you by God with 2miracles and cwonders and 3signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know—
23 this Man, delivered over by the apredetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, byou nailed to a cross by the hands of 1godless men and put Him to death.
24 “1But aGod raised Him up again, putting an end to the 2agony of death, since it bwas impossible for Him to be held 3in its power.
25 “For David says of Him, (Psalm 16:8-11 )
‘aI saw the Lord always in my presence;
For He is at my right hand, so that I will not be shaken.
26 ‘Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted;
Moreover my flesh also will live in hope;
27 Because You will not abandon my soul to aHades,
bNor 1allow Your 2Holy One to 3undergo decay.
28 ‘You have made known to me the ways of life;
You will make me full of gladness with Your presence.’
29 “18Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the apatriarch David that he both bdied and cwas buried, and dhis tomb is 2with us to this day.
30 “And so, because he was aa prophet and knew that bGod had sworn to him with an oath to seat one 1of his descendants on his throne,
31 he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of 1the Christ, that aHe was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did His flesh 2suffer decay.
32 “This Jesus aGod raised up again, to which we are all bwitnesses.
What is Peter saying? He is saying David could not of been referring to himself since his body underwent decay. He was referring to Jesus Christ whose body did not undergo decay. Peter finishes by pointing out that Him and all the disciples were all eyewitnesses to the fact that Jesus was raised from the dead. What a coincidence that we are going over the resurrection of Christ so close to Easter.
Go over PowerPoint slides.
33 “Therefore having been exalted 1ato the right hand of God, and bhaving received from the Father cthe promise of the Holy Spirit, He has dpoured forth this which you both see and hear.
34 “For it was not David who ascended into 1heaven, but he himself says:
‘aThe Lord said to my 2Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
35 Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.” ’
36 “Therefore let all the ahouse of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both bLord and 1Christ—this Jesus cwhom you crucified.” 9
therefore know assuredly, that God hath made him both Lord ( ?????? [kurios /koo·ree·os/] Deity)
and Christ, ( ??????? [Christos /khris·tos/)
this Jesus whom ye crucified. 10
37 Now when they heard this, they were 1pierced to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “2Brethren, 3awhat shall we do?”
38 Peter said to them, “aRepent, and each of you be b(Baptized in the name of Jesus Christ) for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 11 Acts 2:38 This verse is a major proof text for those who believe that water baptism is essential for salvation12
It encounters its greatest problem with passages that make the forgiveness of sin, and salvation in general, dependent on nothing but trust in Christ (e.g., Acts 15:31; 10:43; 13:38; 26:18; Luke 24:47; John 3:16, 36; Rom. 4:1–17; 11:6; Gal. 3:8–9; Eph. 2:8–9).168 Peter later promised forgiveness of sins on the basis of faith alone (Acts 5:31; 10:43; 13:38; 26:18).13
(3) A third view takes the clause and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ as parenthetical. Several factors support this interpretation: (a) The verb (repent) makes a distinction between singular and plural verbs and nouns. The verb “repent” is plural and so is the pronoun “your” in the clause so that your sins may be forgiven (lit., “unto the remission of your sins,” eis aphesin t?n hamarti?n hym?n). Therefore the verb “repent” must go with the purpose of forgiveness of sins. On the other hand the imperative “be baptized” is singular, setting it off from the rest of the sentence. (b) 14
Repent (second person plural)
be baptized (third person singular)
each (third person singular) of you
for the forgiveness of your (second person plural) sins15
forgiveness of sins is based on faith alone (John 3:16, 36; Rom. 4:1-17; 11:6; Gal. 3:8-9; Eph. 2:8-9; etc.)16 Peter, the same speaker, later promised forgiveness of sins on the basis of faith alone (Acts 5:31; 10:43; 13:38; 26:18).17
Baptism means identification or association.
1. This meaning began in Homer's time. Homer wrote of the giant
Ulysses who took a piece of hot metal and rammed it into Cyclop's one eye,
and called it "baptizing."
Xenophon said that the Spartans baptized their spears by putting
them into a bowl of blood.
So "baptize" in the classical Greek meant to identify one thing
with another thing so that the characteristic of the original thing was
changed into another characteristic by what was identified with it.
Therefore, the interpretation of the word "baptism" is identification.
The Greek word BAPTISMA is used of ritual identification, Mt 3:7,
21:25; Rom 6:4.
There are two categories of identification in Scripture:
1. An actual identification is called a real baptism.
2. A representative identification is called a ritual baptism. It
2. The baptism of the Cross is found in Mt 20:22; Mk 10:38-39; Lk
12:50. This baptism is our Lord Jesus Christ being identified with our
sins. This refers to the judicial imputation of personal sins to Jesus
Christ on the cross. Jesus Christ was identified with our personal sins and
judged for them, so that Christ became our Savior. As sinners, none of
those to whom Christ spoke were qualified to be baptized with sin on the
The baptism of the Holy Spirit occurs at salvation for Church Age
believers only, 1 Cor 12:13, "For by means of one Spirit we were all
baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and
we were all made to drink of one Spirit."
Characteristics of the baptism of the Spirit.
(1) The baptism of the Spirit is not an experience.
(2) The baptism of the Spirit is not emotional activity or
(3) It is not speaking in tongues.
(4) It is not related to human feeling.
(5) It is not progressive, therefore, it cannot be improved.
(6) It is not related to human merit or works.
(7) It is obtained en toto at the moment of salvation
through faith in Christ alone.
(8) The baptism of the Spirit is eternal in nature and
cannot be cancelled.
(9) The baptism of the Spirit is known through perception of
the mystery doctrine of the Church Age. Therefore, it cannot be applied in
a state of ignorance. No one can sin in the sphere of positional truth.
(10) The baptism of the Spirit is not a matter of the
The baptism of fire is the real identification of unbelieving Jews
and Gentiles at the end of the Tribulation with fire in Hades, taught in Mt
3:11, "As for me, I baptize you with water for repentance, but He who is
coming after me is mightier than I, and I am not fit to remove His sandals;
He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire."
The Baptism of Moses 1 Cor 10:1-2 presents the baptism of Moses, "For I do not want you
to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud and all
passed through the sea; and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in
the sea." This was a real identification in which Moses was identified with
the open path through the Red Sea and the Jews were identified with Moses.
Water was not involved here.
There are slso three ritual Baptizms in scripture.
1. The baptism of John is found in Mt 3:1-10; Jn 1:25-33. John lived
in the ritual age of Israel. The water represented the kingdom of God.
a. There had to be a ceremony never used before to identify a
person with the kingdom of God because the King was present. The water
represented the kingdom of God as John was preaching it. Putting a person
in the water showed that he was identified with Messiah and that kingdom.
It was an encouragement and means of relating doctrine to the fact the
kingdom was being offered during the first Advent. The kingdom was
postponed, but this did not change the significance of John's baptism.
2. The baptism of Jesus Christ In the water, Jesus was saying He would fulfill God's plan and
live a perfect life under the greatest testing and then go to the Cross as a
perfect person and receive the imputation of all personal sins, Mt 3:13-17.
b. As He came out of the water, Jesus recognized that when He
completed the plan of the Father by being judged for our sins and then dying
physically, He would be resurrected, followed by His ascension and session. (seated at the right hand of the father Acts 2:33)
3. Christian water baptism is the ritual testimony of the baptism of
the Holy Spirit. There had to be a testimony before the Canon was written
to explain the baptism of the Spirit. From the beginning of the Church Age
until the completion of the Canon, this baptism was necessary to teach the
principle of the baptism of the Holy Spirit at salvation.