@firstname.lastname@example.org!!!! 3.1.2 - Revelation 1:2
An epistolary aorist, referring to the perspective of the readers of this book once it had been completed.1 who bore witness to the word of God
The phrase word of God is a signature of the Apostle John and occurs in John 1:1; 1Jn. 1:1; 2:14; 5:7 TR; Rev. 1:2+; 19:13+. This is strong evidence that John the Apostle is indeed the author of this work, as tradition holds. There are many parallels between Jesus and God's revealed word:Among the parallels between Jesus and Scripture are 1) their eternality; 2) their production by the Holy Spirit; 3) a divine message embodied in earthly form; 4) the accommodation of man's limited intellect; 5) perfect--without sin; 6) having unique divine authority; 7) rejected by man; 8) victorious over foes; 9) revealed by faith; 10) bearing witness one to another; 11) the sole means of revelation of the Father; 12) called the Word of God.2
In the same way that Jesus was fully human and yet without error (divine), the written word of God was given through human vessels who were superintended by the Holy Spirit so that the result is inerrant.testimony of Jesus Christ
There are two ways which the testimony of Jesus Christ may be understood: Jesus is the Subject* - The testimony was provided by Jesus. He is its source (subjective genitive). Both here and in Rev. 19:10+, the grammatical evidence points toward taking this as the subjective genitive (the testimony born by Jesus Christ--which God gave Him).3
A survey of various passages concerning the testimony of Jesus Christ indicates that Jesus is both the subject and the object of testimony. Prophetic motivation is from Jesus: "the Spirit of Christ . . . testified" (1Pe. 1:11). It is also about Jesus: "indicating . . . beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow" (1Pe. 1:11). The relationship of the saints to the testimony of Jesus concerns both aspects: (1) we receive the testimony provided by the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Christ; (2) we are charged with delivering the testimony concerning Jesus to others. The ministry of the saints can be found entirely within the phrase: Knowing Him to make Him known. If either part of this "ministry equation" is neglected, our testimony suffers.4 ----
1 A. T. Robertson, Robertson's Word Pictures in Six Volumes (Escondido, CA: Ephesians Four Group, 2003).
2 Rene Pache, The Inspiration & Authority of Scripture (Salem, WI: Sheffield Publishing Company, 1969), 35-40.
3 [Robert L. Thomas, Revelation 1-7 (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 1992), 58-59], [Robertson, Robertson's Word Pictures in Six Volumes].
4 Most often, we are too eager to make Him known without truly knowing Him (Luke 10:38-42). When we do this, we misrepresent our Lord and present a caricature of God to a skeptical world.
Copyright © 2004-2005 by Tony Garland
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