HERMENEUTICS PART I
I N D E X
NAMES AND TITLES OF THE SCRIPTURES Page 1
INSPIRATION OF THE SCRIPTURES 2
THE BIBLE STUDENT 4
THE DISPENSATION PRINCIPLE */*< 6
THE COVENANT PRINCIPLE 13
THE ETHNIC DIVISION PRINCIPLE 20
THE DISCRIMINATION PRINCIPLE /£( 23
THE PREDICTIVE PRINCIPLE 32
THE APPLICATION PRINCIPLE 35
THE INITIATIVE PRINCIPLE /' 43
THE CONSEQUENCE PRINCIPLE 46
THE EXHORTATION PRINCIPLE 47
THE SUBSEQUENCE PRINCIPLE 48
Hertneneutics is the science of interpretation of the Scriptures.
NAMES AND TITLES OF THE SCRIPTURES
A. The Bible (most familiar).
1. From the Greek, "ta biblia", .meaning, the Books.
2. Unity 66 books, yet ONE.
3. TH£ Book.
a. Psalm 40:\7 and Hebrews 10:7 - "Then .said I, Lo, I come
(in the volume of the book it is written of me)."
b. It is the pre-eminefi,t Book.
B. The Word of God.
"For the Word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart." (Hebrews 4:12). "For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ." (II Cor.2:17) "For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe." (I Thes. 2:13).
The Word of God is made up of the "words of God", God's message to man. Men, led by the Holy Spirit, wrote His Word.
We need never be-ashamed of it or apologize for it, for it is PERFECT.1 There are no errors, no mistakes, no contradictions. It is reliable! It is PERFECT] The reason for such men as Inger-soll is S-I-N, SIN!
C. The Scriptures
"And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner." (MarK 12:10). "And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors." (Mark 15:28). "Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me." (John 5:39).
The word Scripture comes from the Latin word meaning "writings". It is found 52 times in the New Testament and only once in the Old Testament.
D. The Old and New Testaments
"Who also hath made us able ministers of the New Testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life." (II Cor. 3:6). "And for this cause He
is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for
the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first tes
tament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal
inheritance," (Heb. 9:15). "But their minds were blinded: for
until this day retnaineth the same Vail untaken away in the read
ing of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ,"
(II Cor. 3:14).
Testament means covenant; Old Covenant and New Covenant. Therefore, the Old and New Covenants show the RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GOD AND MAN.
The Old (Testament) Covenant is the relationship of God with Moses (Mosaic Law). The New (Testament) Covenant is the shed Blood of Jesus Christ on Calvary; thus, it is God's relationship with the sinner.' The Old Covenant was for His people (Jews) only; the New Covenant is for the Jews, but also for believing Gentiles. Thus, the Bible is ONE Book with TWO Covenants.
E. The Oracles.
The original meaning is "the place where the Word of God was kept." "And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God: so was all the counsel of Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom," (II Sam. 16:23).
It is used 16 times in the Old Testament and 4 times in the New Testament. The other meaning of the Oracles is the "Holy
Scriptures," (Psalms 119).
0 "Every scripture inspired of God is also profitable for
teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction which is in righteousness: that the man of God may be complete, furnished completely unto every good work," (II Tim. 3:16,17 R. V.).
1. it is more than human genius and human qualification.
Inspirations are endowments from God. No man has been inspired to
write since John finished the Book of Revelation
2. It is more than illumination.
a. Illumination means the influence of the Holy Spirit
which enables one to understand spiritual truth. Only yielded
believers are illuminated.
b. Some are more yielded, and their illumination is
greater, for God can work in them.
3. It is more than a revelation. The expose of records:
things revealed by God. Only God knew the record of the creation.
Men of God have records of men's lives, thus proving that the Bible
is the Word of God; for when mere man is recording the life of men,
he leaves out the bitter and bad. God doesn't:
4. it literally means "God-breathed**. The Word is the breath of God in a person (chosen of Him) that inspired the person. Today God is breathing to man by means of the written'* Wdtrd. if the Bible is not what it claims to be, it cannot be a "gpod book". It is the same in the case of our Lord. if Jesus wasn't what> He claimed to be, He couldn't be a "good Man". IF THE BIBLE IS 'NOT WHAT IT CLAIMS TO BE, THEft IT IS THE BIGGEST LIE EVER PRINTED.
Alone man is ppwerless to know God's Word. "Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private inter-i pretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost " (II Pet. 1:20,21). Man needs the* Holy Spirit to lead him and to interpret the Word. The same Spirit leads men, but no two are led alike.
We believe in a full, complete, inspired-of-God-Bible. Not a partly inspired Bible, but ALL-inspired' One who says that the Bible contains some parts that are inspired means that the Bible contains some things that are not inspired, some falsehoods, etc. They are wrong]
B. Extent of inspiration (Verbal)
"Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow," (I Peter 1:1O,11). Men were inspired to write the Word of God, but they did not always understand what they wrote, proving that it is God's Word only. "And I heard, but I understood not: then said I, O my Lord, what shall be the end of these things? And He said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end " (Daniel 12:8,9). "The Spirit of the Lord spake by me, and His word was in my tongue (II Sam. 23;2 - David)." Exodus 20:1; Isaiah 1:2; Jeremiah 1:4; Ezekiel 1:3; Amos 1:1; Daniel 9:21.
THE ENGLISH BIBLE
The Old Testament contains 39 books. The New Testament contains 27. There are a total of 66 books.
The Hebrew Old Testament contains 24 books. The reason for that is that there was just one book for Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles, etc. When the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into the Greek it was found that these books were too large for one scroll, so the bboks were divided into two books, or two scrolls.
There are 1189 chapters in the Bible, made up of 31,163 verses. All are man-made divisions. All punctuations (periods, commas, question marks, etc.) are man-made. None are by God. All capitals are man-made.