1. Paul Wrote this letter to the Romans.
2. This is Paul's explanation of the Grace of God through the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Most Comprehensive explanation of the Gospel.
1. In Romans just about every Doctrine of Christian Faith is put forth.
2. Romans is so foundational to the Christian faith that it is called the constitution of Christianity.
3. Romans was written after 1 and 2 Corinthians. Many believe around 56 A.D.
4. Many believe it was written from Corinth.
5. To the unsaved it offers a clear exposition of their sinful, lost condition and God’s righteous plan for saving them. New believers learn of their identification with Christ and of victory through the power of the Holy Spirit. Mature believers find never-ending delight in its wide spectrum of Christian truth: doctrinal, prophetical, and practical. MacDonald, W. (1995). Believer’s Bible Commentary: Old and New Testaments. (A. Farstad, Ed.) (p. 1674). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
2. Romans 1:1-7 Greetings
1. Romans 1:1-6 Who Paul is and to whom Jesus is.
1. Paul is a bondservant of Jesus Christ.
2. Separated to the gospel of God.
1. This is called sanctification.
2. This was promised before through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures.
3. This is concerning His Son.
1. Who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh.
2. Declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
4. Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name.
1. Among the nations they are also called of Jesus Christ.
2. Romans 1:7 To whom the letter is written.
1. Beloved of God.
2. Called to be saints.
3. Romans 1:8-15 Paul's Desire to Visit Rome
1. Romans 1:8-12 Paul Hears of their Faith and Prays for them. He wants to visit to encourage and to be encouraged.
1. Paul thanks God for them all through Jesus Christ.
2. Their faith is spoken of throughout the whole world.
3. Paul says that God is his witness that he prays for them continually
4. He also prays that it is the will of God that he can visit and impart a spiritual gift to them.
1. To encourage them.
2. To be encouraged.
2. Romans 1:13-15 Paul wants them to be aware of the fact that he has planned on coming but has been hindered. His goal: to preach the Gospel.
1. He often planned to visit them but hasn't been able to.
2. His purpose for visit: So that there may be fruit among them.
1. He is a debtor to both the Greeks and to barbarians.
1. Who are the barbarians?
2. He is ready to preach the Gospel to the Romans.
4. Romans 1:16-17 The Just Live by Faith
1. Paul is not ashamed of the Gospel and recognizes it's true power of God to save everyone.
1. It is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes.
2. In it, the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith.
3. It was written that the Just shall live by faith.
1. Hab. 2:4; Gal. 3:11; Heb. 10:38
5. Romans 1:18-32 God's Wrath on Unrighteousness
1. Romans 1:18-23 God's wrath is against all ungodliness because all people are without excuse.
1. The wrath of God is revealed from heaven.
2. Man suppresses the truth in unrighteousness.
3. He has to suppress the truth because it is made known to them.
1. Since the creation of the world his invisible attributes are clearly seen.
2. Being understood by the things that are made.
3. Even His eternal power and Godhead are known.
4. Because of these things, people who suppress the truth are without excuse.
5. Although they knew God, they didn't:
1. glorify Him as God
2. Weren't thankful
3. became futile in their thoughts.
4. their foolish hearts were darkened.
5. Professing to be wise, they became fools.
6. Changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like corruptible man.
1. Birds, fourfooted animals and other creeping things
2. Romans 1:24-25 As a result God gave people up to their own lusts.
1. God gave them up to uncleanness.
2. In the lusts of their hearts to dishonor their bodies among themselves.
3. Exchanged the truth of God for the lie.
4. Worshipped and served the creature instead of the creator.
3. Romans 1:26-27 Paul gives an example of the vile lusts that people have and that they receive judgement for their own actions.
1. God gave them up to their vile passions.
1. Women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature.
2. Men gave up the natural use of woman and lusted after other men.
1. Committing what is shameful.
2. Receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due.
4. Romans 1:28-32 God Gave them up to their debased minds to do things that are not fitting and approving of those that do.
1. They did not like to retain God in their knowledge.
2. God gave them over to a debased mind.
3. To do those things which are not fitting.
1. Being filled with unrighteousness.
2. Sexual immorality.
6. Full of envy
11. They are whisperers.
13. Haters of God
17. Inventors of evil things.
18. Disobedient to parents.
1. They know the righteous judgement of God and that they who practice such things are deserving of death.
2. They do the same things and approve of those who practice them