The cross foreshadowed in the OT
My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?
Jesus Christ predicts his death on the cross
Jesus Christ’s first announcement of his death
From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised.
Jesus Christ’s second announcement of his death
As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is about to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day.” And they were greatly distressed.
Jesus Christ’s third announcement of his death
“See, we are going up to Jerusalem. And the Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death and deliver him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and he will be raised on the third day.”
Other allusions to the cross
In the teaching of Jesus Christ
Then Jesus said to them, “You will all fall away because of me this night. For it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’
“lifted up” is used in John’s Gospel as a reference to the crucifixion:
And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up,
So Jesus said to them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me.
And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.” He said this to show by what kind of death he was going to die.
And as they were coming down the mountain, Jesus commanded them, “Tell no one the vision, until the Son of Man is raised from the dead.” And the disciples asked him, “Then why do the scribes say that first Elijah must come?” He answered, “Elijah does come, and he will restore all things. But I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him, but did to him whatever they pleased. So also the Son of Man will certainly suffer at their hands.” Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them of John the Baptist.
In the experience of Jesus Christ
In pouring this ointment on my body, she has done it to prepare me for burial.
In the Lord’s Supper
Now as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and after blessing it broke it and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.” And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.
God’s perfect timing for Jesus Christ’s death on the cross
And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.”
The curse of the cross
“And if a man has committed a crime punishable by death and he is put to death, and you hang him on a tree, his body shall not remain all night on the tree, but you shall bury him the same day, for a hanged man is cursed by God. You shall not defile your land that the LORD your God is giving you for an inheritance.