When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that he belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard about him, and he was hoping to see some sign done by him. So he questioned him at some length, but he made no answer. The chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him. And Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, arraying him in splendid clothing, he sent him back to Pilate. And Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.
Jn 18:12–14 Annas, though deposed from office by the Romans, was probably still regarded by many as the true high priest; Jn 18:19–23
Mt 26:57; Lk 22:54
Mt 26:59–60 The Sanhedrin was the high court of the Jews and consisted of 71 chief priests, elders and teachers of the law, including the high priest who presided.
See also Mt 26:60–61 A person could only be convicted on the evidence of two or more witnesses.
But Jesus remained silent. And the high priest said to him, “I adjure you by the living God, tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Jesus said to him, “You have said so. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.”
See also Lk 22:66–70
Mt 26:65–66; Mt 27:1 The Sanhedrin decided that Jesus Christ deserved death but charged him with treason rather than blasphemy.
Then they spit in his face and struck him. And some slapped him, saying, “Prophesy to us, you Christ! Who is it that struck you?”
Mt 27:2; Lk 23:1; Jn 18:28–32
Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.” Then Pilate said to him, “So you are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world—to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.”
See also Mt 27:11; Lk 23:2–3; Jn 19:9–12; 1 Ti 6:13
Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no guilt in this man.”
See also Lk 23:14–15; Lk 23:22; Jn 18:38; Jn 19:4–6; Ac 13:28
But they were urgent, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee even to this place.” When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that he belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard about him, and he was hoping to see some sign done by him.
Herod had been wanting to see Jesus for awhile.
At that time Herod the tetrarch heard about the fame of Jesus,
King Herod heard of it, for Jesus’ name had become known. Some said, “John the Baptist has been raised from the dead. That is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.”
Herod said, “John I beheaded, but who is this about whom I hear such things?” And he sought to see him.
And Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, arraying him in splendid clothing, he sent him back to Pilate. And Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.
Let's remember what Jesus said was going to happen on their way to Jerusalem.
For he will be delivered over to the Gentiles and will be mocked and shamefully treated and spit upon.
Previous to this exchange Pilate and Herod were not on the best terms, probably because of what we read in Luke 13:1 as some suggest.
There were some present at that very time who told him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.
He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth.
See also Mt 26:62–63; Mt 27:12; Mt 27:14; Lk 23:9; Jn 19:9; Ac 8:32–35; 1 Pe 2:23
who through the mouth of our father David, your servant, said by the Holy Spirit, “ ‘Why did the Gentiles rage, and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers were gathered together, against the Lord and against his Anointed’— for truly in this city there were gathered together against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, to do whatever your hand and your plan had predestined to take place.
See also Is 53:10; Jn 19:8–11; Ac 2:23 The outcome of the trial fulfilled God’s declared purpose.
Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of lawless men.