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Just Do It

Thrive  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Notes & Transcripts

The Whole Armor of God

10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might. 11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil. 12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places. 13 Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm. 14 Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, 15 and, as shoes for your feet, having put on the readiness given by the gospel of peace. 16 In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one; 17 and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, 18 praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end, keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints, 19 and also for me, that words may be given to me in opening my mouth boldly to proclaim the mystery of the gospel, 20 for which I am an ambassador in chains, that I may declare it boldly, as I ought to speak.

BEB
ἰσχύς, ύος, ἡ (s. ἰσχυρός, ἰσχύω; Hes.+; rare in later times and in ins and pap [e.g. PMich 156—II a.d.], but oft. LXX; pseudepigr.; Philo; Jos., C. Ap. 1, 19 al.; Just., Ath., Iren.) capability to function effectively, strength, power, might 1 Cl 13:1 (); 39:2; B 6:3; 12:11 (); Hv 3, 12, 2; ἐξ ἰ. by the strength . ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ἰ. with all one’s strength , (ψυχῆς v.l.); 1 Cl 33:8; cp. (s. Herm. Wr. 1, 30 ἐκ ψυχῆς κ. ἰσχύος ὅλης); ἰσχύειν τῇ ἰ. Hs 9, 1, 2. (W. δύναμις, as Dio Chrys. 14 [31], 11; 30 [47], 3; Appian, Bell. Civ. 4, 71 §302; PLond III, 1319, 5 p. 272 [544/45 a.d.]; cp. Thu. 7, 66, 3; ; Jos., Ant. 11, 44) ἄγγελοι ἰσχύϊ κ. δυνάμει μείζονες . Used w. δύναμις and sim. words as attributes of God (ἰ. as divine attribute in Trag. and oft. LXX; cp. τοῦ λόγου ἰ. Orig., C. Cels. 1, 62, 71) ; . cp. also 1 Cl 60:1; Dg 9:6. Of God κράτος τῆς ἰ. (cp. παρʼ αὐτῷ …
BDAG
ADVERTISEMENT
ἰσχύω, ἰσχυρός, ἰσχύς, κατισχύω* → δύναμαι, II, 284 ff. 1. The word group ἰσχυ- has the meaning “to be able,” “to be capable,” “capacity,” “power,” “strength.” It is largely co-extensive with δυνα-, and the derivatives overlap. In the case of ἰσχύ- there is more emphasis on the actual power implied in ability or capacity,1 i.e., on the power which one possesses, for the stem is linked with ἰαχ — ἔχω. ἰσχύω,2 “to be strong or powerful” physically; in this context the meaning can be “to be healthy” as opposed to → ἀσθενέω, v. also → ὑγιαίνω; but also “to be able” in respect of psychic qualities. κατισχύω, like ἰσχύω, a. “to be strong or able”; but also b. “to be superior to someone,” “to master,” “to overcome”; and c. “to strengthen.” The word is found from the time of Soph. and occurs in the LXX, though it is rare in inscr. and pap. ἰσχυρός, “strong,” “powerful,” both of men and things. Often used of God in the LXX, e.g., 2 Βασ‌. 22:32 f. ἰσχύς, “power,” …
MW Collegiate Dict. (11th Ed.)
TDNT
κράτος, ους, τό (Hom.+) ① ability to exhibit or express resident strength, might ⓐ of God’s power (Theognis 376 al.; Ael. Aristid. 37, 8 K.=2 p. 15D.; ; ; ; s. also 3 below) 1 Cl 33:3; 61:1; 64; AcPl Ha 5, 26. Of the power of Jesus 2 Cl 17:5.—τὸ κ. τῆς δόξης αὐτοῦ his glorious (divine) might . κατὰ κράτος αὐξάνειν grow mightily, wonderfully (κατὰ κράτος like Menand., Per. 407; Dio Chrys. 26 [43], 11; IG XII/5, 444, 103 [264/263 b.c.]; PTebt 27, 83 [113 b.c.]; AArgyle, ET 75, ’64, 151 connects κατὰ κ. with τ. κυρίου, by the might of the Lord). ⓑ of intensity in might (cp. Appian, Bell. Civ. 2, 35 §141 κατὰ κράτος=with all his might; Ps.-Callisth. 1, 8, 2 ἡλίου κ.; ) τὸ κ. τῆς ἰσχύος αὐτοῦ the working of his strength = mighty strength ; ; Cl 27:5 (cp. ; Theod.; s. 1QS 11, 19f; 1QH 4, 32). ② a specific product of resident strength, mighty deed ποιεῖν κ. (cp. עָשָׂה חַיִל ) do mighty
74.8 ἰσχύςa, ύος f: exceptional capability, with the probable implication of personal potential—‘capability, strength.’ ἀγαπήσεις κύριον τὸν θεόν σου … ἐξ ὅλης τῆς ἰσχύος σου ‘love the Lord your God … with all your strength’ or ‘… with your whole being’ . In a number of languages the expression ‘to love the Lord with one’s strength,’ in the sense of physical strength, is meaningless, and therefore it may be necessary to translate ‘love the Lord your God as completely as you can.’ It is important to note that in a passage such as the terms in the series καρδία, ψυχή, διάνοια, and ἰσχύς do not refer to completely different parts or aspects of human personality; rather, the four are combined to emphasize the totality of the individual. In some languages the equivalent way of expressing this comprehensive aspect of personality is ‘to love him completely with all you feel and all you think.’
BDAG
Power belongs to God
κράτος (θεοκρατία), κρατέω, κραταιός, κραταιόω, κοσμοκράτωρ, παντοκράτωρ*κράτος (θεοκρατία) 1. κράτος, more closely related to ἰσχύς than δύναμις, and thus denoting the presence and significance of force or strength rather than its exercise, is found in various areas of Gk. literature from the time of Homer.1 Its first meaning is a. “might” or “strength” as a natural attribute, e.g., the physical strength which a man has, Hom. Il., 7, 142, or the toughness which constitutes the strength of iron, Od., 9, 393. A common expression is κατὰ κράτος, “powerfully,” “impressively,” “forcefully,” esp. with military verbs, e.g., αἱρεῖν κατὰ κράτος, “to take by storm,” Ditt. Or., 90, 26 (2nd cent. b.c.), P. Tebt., 27, 83 (2nd cent. b.c.), Ditt. Or., 654, 3 (1st cent. b.c.). We then find the sense b. of “power” which one has or attains, or with which one is invested; the power of the gods: τοῦ γὰρ κράτος ἐστὶ μέγιστον (of Zeus), Hom. Il., 2, 118, ἐλθέ μοι θεὰ …
MW Collegiate Dict. (11th Ed.)
Louw-Nida
of ... might ESV, NASB95, KJV 1900, NKJV, RSV, AV 1873 mighty NIV of ... power NRSV of ... strength LEB virtutis VGCLEM
TDNT
ἐνδυναμόω (δυναμόω ‘strengthen’; s. δύναμις) 1 aor. ἐνεδυνάμωσα, pass. ἐνεδυναμώθην; pf. pass. ptc. ἐνδεδυναμωμένος Hs 5, 4, 4 ( B; .l. [ARahlfs, Psalmi cum Odis ’31 and Swete]; .l.; Aq.; Just., D. 88, 5). ① to cause one to be able to function or do someth., strengthen τινά someone or τὶ someth. (Cat. Cod. Astr. XI/2 p. 166, 22) of God or Christ, who give power (Herm. Wr. 1, 32 ἐνδυνάμωσόν με) ; ; Hs 7:4 v.l. Of Christ ; ; ἐ. τινὰ ἔν τινι make someone strong in someth. Hs 6, 1, 2 v.l. ② to become able to function or do someth., become strong pass. w. act. sense (Plotinus 4, 9, 5; Achmes 37, 2) ⓐ of one who is physically weak ἀπὸ ἀσθενείας Hb 11:34 v.l.; so perh. (cp. vs. 19). ⓑ usu. of inner or moral strength: ἐ. τῇ πίστει grow strong in faith . ἐν τῇ πίστει Hv 3, 12, 3. ἐν ταῖς ἐντολαῖς in keeping the commandments m 12, 5, 1; cp. 5, 2, 8 below. ἐν πᾶσι τοῖς δικαιώμασι …
We have to learn to be strong in the endurance of God’s ability.
BDAG
76.6 κράτοςa, ους n: the power to rule or control—‘power, might.’ τὸν τὸ κράτος ἔχοντα τοῦ θανάτου ‘the one who has power over death’ .
Power belongs to God
Text Comparison
strong \ˈstrȯŋ\ adjective stron•ger \ˈstrȯŋ-gər also -ər\; stron•gest \ˈstrȯŋ-gəst also -əst\ [Middle English, from Old English strang; akin to Old High German strengi strong, Latin stringere to bind tight—more at strain] before 12th century 1: having or marked by great physical power 2: having moral or intellectual power 3: having great resources (as of wealth or talent) 4: of a specified number 〈an army ten thousand strong〉 5 a: striking or superior of its kind 〈a strong resemblance〉 b: effective or efficient especially in a specified direction 〈strong on watching other people work—A. Alvarez〉 6: forceful, cogent 〈strong evidence〉 〈strong talk〉 7: not mild or weak: extreme, intense: as a: rich in some active agent 〈strong beer〉 b of a color: high in chroma c: ionizing freely in solution 〈strong acids and bases〉 d: magnifying by refracting greatly 〈a strong lens〉 8 obsolete: flagrant 9: moving with rapidity or force 〈a strong wind〉 10: ardent, zealous 〈a strong supporter〉 11 a: not …
Louw-Nida
τῆς tēs
Power belongs to God
δύναμαι, δυνατός, δυνατέω, ἀδύνατος, ἀδυνατέω, δύναμις, δυνάστης, δυναμόω, ἐνδυναμόω* Words deriving from the stem δυνα- all have the basic meaning of “being able,” of “capacity” in virtue of an ability; in contrast to ἰσχυ-, which stresses the factuality of the ability, the stress falls on being able. Thus far no convincing etymology has been discovered. δύναμαι a. “to be able,” “to be capable of.” It is mostly used in a very weak sense. It is common from the time of Homer and examples may be found everywhere. The original sense and the full content may be seen, e.g., in Thuc., IV, 39, where the mighty are called οἱ δυνάμενοι, though here there is a notable development from ability, by way of capacity, to the concept of might or power; or again in instances when δύναμαι is linked with a specific form of power, as in Lys., 6, 48: πλουτῶν καὶ δυνάμενος τοῖς χρήμασι. b. “to be able,” with specific reference to the subjective spiritual or moral attitude which either …
MW Collegiate Dict. (11th Ed.)
strength \ˈstreŋ(k)th, ˈstren(t)th\ noun plural strengths \ˈstreŋ(k)ths, ˈstren(t)ths, ˈstreŋks\ [Middle English strengthe, from Old English strengthu; akin to Old High German strengi strong—more at strong] before 12th century 1: the quality or state of being strong: capacity for exertion or endurance 2: power to resist force: solidity, toughness 3: power of resisting attack: impregnability 4 a: legal, logical, or moral force b: a strong attribute or inherent asset 〈the strengths and the weaknesses of the book are evident〉 5 a: degree of potency of effect or of concentration 〈chili peppers in varying strengths〉 b: intensity of light, color, sound, or odor c: vigor of expression 6: force as measured in numbers: effective numbers of any body or organization 〈an army at full strength〉 7: one regarded as embodying or affording force or firmness: support 〈you are my love and my strength〉 8: maintenance of or a rising tendency in a price level: firmness of prices 〈the strength of the dollar〉
Power. Ability to do things, by virtue of strength, skill, resources, or authorization. In the Hebrew of the OT and the Greek of the NT there are several different words used for power. What the Bible says about power may be subsumed under four headings: (1) the unlimited power of God; (2) the limited power God gives to his creatures; (3) the power of God seen in Jesus Christ; (4) the power of God (by the Holy Spirit) in the lives of his people.
ἵστημι (Hom.+, ins, pap [Mayser 353]; LXX [Thackeray 247f]; pseudepigr., Philo, Joseph., apolog. exc. Ar.) and also ἱστάνω (since I b.c. SIG 1104, 26 ἱστανόμενος; pap [Mayser, loc. cit., with ἀνθιστάνω documented here as early as III b.c.]; Epict. 3, 12, 2; LXX [; Thackeray, loc. cit.]; later wr. in Psaltes 236) ; Hs 8, 1, 10 (s. Whittaker on 8, 1, 8; s. B-D-F §93; Mlt-H. 202). Fut. στήσω; 1 aor. ἔστησα; 2 aor. ἔστην, impv. στῆθι, inf. στῆναι, ptc. στάς; pf. ἕστηκα (I stand), ptc. ἑστηκώς, ός and ἑστώς En 12:3; JosAs 7:2; J 12:29,-ῶσα J 8:9 v.l., neut. ἑστώς .l. (s. B-D-F §96; W-S. §14, 5; Mlt-H. 222) and ἑστός, inf. always ἑστάναι; plpf. εἱστήκειν (I stood) or ἱστήκειν GPt 2:3, third pl. εἱστήκεισαν ; J 18:18; ; (W-H. spell it ἱστ. everywhere); ἑστάκαμεν w. act. mng. ; fut. mid. στήσομαι . Pass.: 1 fut. σταθήσομαι; 1 aor. ἐστάθην (PEg2 65). S. στήκω. Trans.: A. Intr.: B, C, …
How are you Standing?
TDNT
power NIV, KJV 1900, NKJV, AV 1873 strength ESV, NASB95, NRSV, RSV might LEB potentia VGCLEM
ὁ hothe
1firm \ˈfərm\ adjective [Middle English ferm, from Anglo-French, from Latin firmus; akin to Greek thronos chair, throne] 14th century 1 a: securely or solidly fixed in place b: not weak or uncertain: vigorous c: having a solid or compact structure that resists stress or pressure 2 a (1): not subject to change or revision (2): not subject to price weakness: steady b: not easily moved or disturbed: steadfast c: well-founded 3: indicating firmness or resolution 〈a firm mouth〉—firm•ly adverb—firm•ness noun
Text Comparison
74.7 ἐνδυναμόομαι: to become able to do something—‘to become able, to become capable.’ Σαῦλος δὲ μᾶλλον ἐνεδυναμοῦτο ‘Saul became all the more able’ ; τοῦ λοιποῦ ἐνδυναμοῦσθε ἐν κυρίῳ καὶ ἐν τῷ κράτει τῆς ἰσχύος αὐτοῦ ‘finally, in union with the Lord become capable by means of his great strength’ .
Firm - securely of solidly fixed in place, not weak or uncertain, having a solid or compact structure that resists stress or pressure
ο o the
BDAG
Worry more than worship
Louw-Nida
ἵστημι. Contents: A. ἵστημι in Greek-Hellenistic Usage. B. Theological Aspects in the Old Testament. C. Judaism: 1. Sirach; 2. Philo; 3. Qumran. D. ἵστημι in the New Testament: I. Employment corresponding to General Usage; II. Theological Aspects of New Testament Usage. ἵστημι is one of the verbs which take their sense from the relations in which they stand. It also involves the place where a person is set or stands and the question of what endures in the flux of time with its changes. A. ἵστημι in Greek-Hellenistic Usage. 1. The verbal forms of ἵστημι are developed from the root aor. ἔστην,1 on the one hand the duplicated pres. ἵστημι, ἵσταμαι with various senses, on the other the perf. ἕστηκα meaning “to stand.” The Sanskr. connection may be seen plainly from ἵ στημι si sto and the stem στα- Lat. stare, Germ. “stehen” (stahn), “stand.” On the one side standing is the opp. of sitting (often expressing dignity when someone stands before them, III, 440, 16 ff.), …
κράτει kratei
DGSF article, genitive, singular, feminine
Complain more than contribute
κράτος kratosmight; power
TDNT
G3588 Greek Strong’s
be strong ESV, NASB95, NIV, NRSV, KJV 1900, NKJV, RSV, AV 1873 become strong LEB confortamini VGCLEM
Text Comparison
LN 92.24 Louw-Nida
85.40 ἵστημιa: to cause to be in a place, with or without the accompanying feature of standing position—‘to put, to place, to set, to make stand, to be there.’ ἀγαγόντες δὲ αὐτοὺς ἔστησαν ἐν τῷ συνεδρίῳ ‘they brought them in and made them stand before the council’ ; ἔστησάν τε μάρτυρας ψευδεῖς λέγοντας ‘false witnesses were there who said …’ ; προσκαλεσάμενος παιδίον ἔστησεν αὐτὸ ἐν μέσῳ αὐτῶν ‘calling a child, he placed him in the midst of them’ . As may be seen from the preceding three contexts, ἵστημιa may very well imply a standing position, but what is in focus is not the stance but the location.
κρατος kratos might; power
Try more than we trust
NDSN noun, dative, singular, neuter
ἐνδυναμοῦσθε endynamousthe
Give up more than we give in
Louw-Nida
ἰσχύος ischyos
ἐνδυναμόω endynamoōstrengthen; become strong
G2904 Greek Strong’s
ἰσχύς ischysmight; strength
to stand NASB95, NIV, KJV 1900, NKJV, LEB, RSV, AV 1873 to stand firm ESV, NRSV stare VGCLEM
LN 76.6 Louw-Nida
ισχυς ischys might; strength
δυναμαι dynamai be able; can
Text Comparison
Did you change clothes yet?
Shield of Faith (4 corners, door)
controlling power noun
NGSF noun, genitive, singular, feminine
VPPM2P verb, present, passive, imperative, second person, plural
στῆναι. stēnai.
ἵστημι histēmistand; stand (there)
Have Fun
G1743 Greek Strong’s
Perseverance — Persisting or enduring in spite of opposition.
G2479 Greek Strong’s
LN 74.7 Louw-Nida
Courage, Evangelism, Evil, Faith, God: Power, Gospel, Holy Spirit, Mission, Peace, Persecution, Power, Prayer, Prayer: Intercession, Prayer: Petition, Revelation, Righteousness, Salvation, Satan, Scripture, Spiritual Warfare, Temptation, Tongues, Truth, Victory and Defeat, Watchfulness
ιστημι istēmi stand; stand (there)
LN 74.8 Louw-Nida
to be enabled verb
f ch. 1:19
VAAN verb, aorist, active, infinitive
capability ⇔ strength noun
Perseverance — Persisting or enduring in spite of opposition.
Perseverance — Persisting or enduring in spite of opposition.
and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his great might
G2476 Greek Strong’s
Courage, Evangelism, Evil, Faith, God: Power, Gospel, Holy Spirit, Mission, Peace, Persecution, Power, Prayer, Prayer: Intercession, Prayer: Petition, Revelation, Righteousness, Salvation, Satan, Scripture, Spiritual Warfare, Temptation, Tongues, Truth, Victory and Defeat, Watchfulness
LN 85.40 Louw-Nida
Courage, Evangelism, Evil, Faith, God: Power, Gospel, Holy Spirit, Mission, Peace, Persecution, Power, Prayer, Prayer: Intercession, Prayer: Petition, Revelation, Righteousness, Salvation, Satan, Scripture, Spiritual Warfare, Temptation, Tongues, Truth, Victory and Defeat, Watchfulness
g ver. 14; ; See
g ver. 14; ; See
e (Gk.); ; []; See ch. 3:16
to endure (withstand) verb
Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,
I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my justice was like a robe and a turban.
•No unbelief made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,
Perseverance — Persisting or enduring in spite of opposition.
Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,
You then, my child, be strengthened by the grace that is in Christ Jesus,
The night is far gone•; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light.
I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my justice was like a robe and a turban.
Courage, Evangelism, Evil, Faith, God: Power, Gospel, Holy Spirit, Mission, Peace, Persecution, Power, Prayer, Prayer: Intercession, Prayer: Petition, Revelation, Righteousness, Salvation, Satan, Scripture, Spiritual Warfare, Temptation, Tongues, Truth, Victory and Defeat, Watchfulness
r ; []; See
The night is far gone•; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light.
h ver. 13; []
I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God abides in you, and you have overcome the evil one.
Therefore, preparing your minds for action, and being sober-minded, set your hope fully on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
that according to the riches of his glory he may grant you to be strengthened with power through his Spirit in your inner being,
h ver. 13; []
Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm.
•Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist, and •faithfulness the belt of his loins.
For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds.
Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm.
f ch. 1:19
and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his great might
For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds.
“Stay dressed for action and keep your lamps burning,
s ; ; [; ]
g ver. 14; ; See
so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes.
so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes.
•He put on righteousness as a •breastplate, and a helmet of salvation on his head; •he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and wrapped himself in zeal as a •cloak.
Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness,
j See
j See
•Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They•• do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable.
But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and for a helmet the hope of salvation.
I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my justice was like a robe and a turban.
•Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They•• do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable.
I will greatly rejoice in the Lord; my soul shall exult in my God, for he has clothed me with the garments of salvation; he has covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a •bridegroom decks himself like a priest with a beautiful headdress, and as a •bride adorns herself with her jewels.
The night is far gone•; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light.
by truthful speech, and •the power of God; with the weapons of righteousness for the right hand and for the left;
k ch. 1:21
h ver. 13; []
Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm.
t ; ; []
far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come.
How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who publishes peace, who brings good news of happiness, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, “Your God reigns.”
For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds.
And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the good news!”
•In this manner you shall eat •it: with your •belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat •it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover.
so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by human cunning, by craftiness in deceitful schemes.
u []
For everyone who has been born of God overcomes the world. And this is the victory that has overcome the world—our faith.
v []
A warrior’s sharp arrows, with glowing coals of the broom tree!
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