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Opening Up Proverbs (Session 1)

Proverbs Equipping Class - Opening Up Proverbs   •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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Session 1 - Dealing with Introductory material...

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Opening Up Proverbs Introduction

Introduction

Study Proverbs for success

“The Bible sets forth an entirely different measure of success. Success is found in living wisely in the fear of the Lord. To live wisely is to live beautifully—that is, to live a life that counts.”
“The book of Proverbs reveals how you can have success in every aspect of your life.”
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 10.
We know that wisdom is as old as time. This class will help us to clearly understand why this is so. And there have always been wise people. Solomon was not the first person to be wise or to seek wisdom. The Egyptians and Babylonians were known for collecting proverbs.
1 Kings 4:30–34 ESV
so that Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt. For he was wiser than all other men, wiser than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol, and his fame was in all the surrounding nations. He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005. He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of the wall. He spoke also of beasts, and of birds, and of reptiles, and of fish. And people of all nations came to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and from all the kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom.
This book of Proverbs has many similarities to the book of Proverbs that we have in our Bible.
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Walter A. Elwell and Barry J. Beitzel, “Proverbs, Book Of,” Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1988), 1786.
This book of Proverbs has many similarities to the book of Proverbs that we have in our Bible.
It certainly is possible that Solomon incorporates some of these universal truths into his rendering of the proverbs. Unbelievers can recognize truth, they just don’t believe the source of truth.
It certainly is possible that Solomon incorporates some of these universal truths into his rendering of the proverbs. Unbelievers can recognize truth, they just don’t believe the source of truth.
The Proverbs are special because the are squarely rooted in a covenant relationship God...
Proverbs 1:7 ESV
The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.
“Solomon doesn’t merely offer clever sayings that provide useful advice on how to enjoy worldly success; rather, he teaches that true wisdom and success are rooted in having a right relationship with God, who is the source of all wisdom.” - Newheisher
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 11.
Proverbs assumes and builds upon the precepts of the law and the admonitions of the prophets but goes beyond them in training the reader to live wisely in a very practical ‘how to’ way.
Proverbs assumes and builds upon the precepts of the law and the admonitions of the prophets but goes beyond them in training the reader to live wisely in a very practical ‘how to’ way.
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 12.
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 13.
“Chapters 1 through 9 and chapter 31 of Proverbs contain extended development of particular ideas and can be studied consecutively. The proverbs and sayings in chapters 10 through 30 are shorter and tend to jump from subject to subject. For this reason we will cover the content in those chapters topically, rather than going verse by verse.”
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 13.
Proverbs is not an evangelistic book, per se. It is a book that assumes a relationship with God. The Jews were a covenant people who had this relationship with the Lord...
Proverbs 22:6 ESV
Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it.
Proverbs 10:4 ESV
A slack hand causes poverty, but the hand of the diligent makes rich.
Proverbs 3:2 ESV
for length of days and years of life and peace they will add to you.
Galatians 6:7 ESV
Do not be deceived: God is not mocked, for whatever one sows, that will he also reap.
Men and women are spiritually equal...
Galatians 3:28 ESV
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
Gal
Men are to be leaders in the home and in the church.
Women’s subordinate role is not demeaning anymore than Christ’s subordinate role to His Father. Both equally God, different roles.
Although it is written primarily to men, many of the truths are universal in nature and there are proverbs specifically addressed to women.
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 15.
Bruce Waltke defines a proverb as...
He continues to describe a parable as...
By the way, the short, pithy sayings don’t begin until chapter 10. Chapters 1-9 are longer appeals for the reader to seek wisdom.
Proverbs 1 ESV
The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel: To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight, to receive instruction in wise dealing, in righteousness, justice, and equity; to give prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the youth— Let the wise hear and increase in learning, and the one who understands obtain guidance, to understand a proverb and a saying, the words of the wise and their riddles. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction. Hear, my son, your father’s instruction, and forsake not your mother’s teaching, for they are a graceful garland for your head and pendants for your neck. My son, if sinners entice you, do not consent. If they say, “Come with us, let us lie in wait for blood; let us ambush the innocent without reason; like Sheol let us swallow them alive, and whole, like those who go down to the pit; we shall find all precious goods, we shall fill our houses with plunder; throw in your lot among us; we will all have one purse”— my son, do not walk in the way with them; hold back your foot from their paths, for their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed blood. For in vain is a net spread in the sight of any bird, but these men lie in wait for their own blood; they set an ambush for their own lives. Such are the ways of everyone who is greedy for unjust gain; it takes away the life of its possessors. Wisdom cries aloud in the street, in the markets she raises her voice; at the head of the noisy streets she cries out; at the entrance of the city gates she speaks: “How long, O simple ones, will you love being simple? How long will scoffers delight in their scoffing and fools hate knowledge? If you turn at my reproof, behold, I will pour out my spirit to you; I will make my words known to you. Because I have called and you refused to listen, have stretched out my hand and no one has heeded, because you have ignored all my counsel and would have none of my reproof, I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when terror strikes you, when terror strikes you like a storm and your calamity comes like a whirlwind, when distress and anguish come upon you. Then they will call upon me, but I will not answer; they will seek me diligently but will not find me. Because they hated knowledge and did not choose the fear of the Lord, would have none of my counsel and despised all my reproof, therefore they shall eat the fruit of their way, and have their fill of their own devices. For the simple are killed by their turning away, and the complacency of fools destroys them; but whoever listens to me will dwell secure and will be at ease, without dread of disaster.”
Proverbs 1:1 ESV
The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel:
No doubt, Solomon was exceptionally wise and the best candidate to write and compile a book of practical wisdom. If you remember, God made him the wisest man on earth.
1 Kings 3:12 ESV
behold, I now do according to your word. Behold, I give you a wise and discerning mind, so that none like you has been before you and none like you shall arise after you.
1 Kings 4:29–34 ESV
And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and breadth of mind like the sand on the seashore, so that Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt. For he was wiser than all other men, wiser than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol, and his fame was in all the surrounding nations. He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005. He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of the wall. He spoke also of beasts, and of birds, and of reptiles, and of fish. And people of all nations came to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and from all the kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom.
1
Solomon was not the only contributor...
Proverbs 30:1 ESV
The words of Agur son of Jakeh. The oracle. The man declares, I am weary, O God; I am weary, O God, and worn out.
Proverbs 31:1 ESV
The words of King Lemuel. An oracle that his mother taught him:
Also, the final collection of wisdom in the Proverbs was not compiled until after the death of Solomon...
Proverbs 25:1 ESV
These also are proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied.
They lived around 700 BC which was 250 years after Solomon.
“One great irony is that, in his later years, Solomon himself did not consistently pursue the wisdom taught in Proverbs, resulting in his life being ravaged by foolishness (). Waltke remarks, ‘Let it be noted that he constructed his own gibbet on which he impaled himself ([Prov.] 19:27)—that is he ceased listening to his own instruction. Spiritual success today does not guarantee spiritual success tomorrow.’”
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 17.
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 17.
Jim Newheiser, Opening up Proverbs, Opening Up Commentary (Leominster: Day One Publications, 2008), 18.
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