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David, Man After God's Heart

Great Men of the OT  •  Sermon  •  Submitted
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What qualities of David's heart would cause Paul to describe him as "a man after God's own heart"?

Notes & Transcripts
Intro: David was unquestionably the greatest king of Israel, Peter calls him a man after God’s own heart – – which tells us something about the heart of David, which we can learn from his writings in the Psalms.
Intro: David was unquestionably the greatest king of Israel, Peter calls him a man after God’s own heart – – which tells us something about the heart of David, which we can learn from his writings in the Psalms.
Acts 13:22 ESV
And when he had removed him, he raised up David to be their king, of whom he testified and said, ‘I have found in David the son of Jesse a man after my heart, who will do all my will.’

I) Trust in God – faith

A) Even in youth he demonstrated complete trust in God –
1 Samuel 17:34–37 ESV
But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep sheep for his father. And when there came a lion, or a bear, and took a lamb from the flock, I went after him and struck him and delivered it out of his mouth. And if he arose against me, I caught him by his beard and struck him and killed him. Your servant has struck down both lions and bears, and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be like one of them, for he has defied the armies of the living God.” And David said, “The Lord who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord be with you!”
B) Also challenged Goliath, who had cowered all of Israel –
1 Samuel 17:42–50 ESV
And when the Philistine looked and saw David, he disdained him, for he was but a youth, ruddy and handsome in appearance. And the Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. The Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air and to the beasts of the field.” Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword and with a spear and with a javelin, but I come to you in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. This day the Lord will deliver you into my hand, and I will strike you down and cut off your head. And I will give the dead bodies of the host of the Philistines this day to the birds of the air and to the wild beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel, and that all this assembly may know that the Lord saves not with sword and spear. For the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give you into our hand.” When the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. And David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone and slung it and struck the Philistine on his forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the ground. So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine and killed him. There was no sword in the hand of David.
C) This despite not knowing the method of his deliverance, only the source – , ;
Psalm 56:1–4 ESV
Be gracious to me, O God, for man tramples on me; all day long an attacker oppresses me; my enemies trample on me all day long, for many attack me proudly. When I am afraid, I put my trust in you. In God, whose word I praise, in God I trust; I shall not be afraid. What can flesh do to me?
Psalm 56:9–13 ESV
Then my enemies will turn back in the day when I call. This I know, that God is for me. In God, whose word I praise, in the Lord, whose word I praise, in God I trust; I shall not be afraid. What can man do to me? I must perform my vows to you, O God; I will render thank offerings to you. For you have delivered my soul from death, yes, my feet from falling, that I may walk before God in the light of life.
Psalm 20:6–9 ESV
Now I know that the Lord saves his anointed; he will answer him from his holy heaven with the saving might of his right hand. Some trust in chariots and some in horses, but we trust in the name of the Lord our God. They collapse and fall, but we rise and stand upright. O Lord, save the king! May he answer us when we call.
D) We demonstrate our faith (trust) in God by our works – -27 – when we live for and depend upon God alone, like Daniel’s friends – – and Daniel himself – , – not the value of the good things we do for God, but the motivation for those good works
James 2:14 ESV
What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can that faith save him?
Daniel 3:16–18 ESV
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego answered and said to the king, “O Nebuchadnezzar, we have no need to answer you in this matter. If this be so, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and he will deliver us out of your hand, O king. But if not, be it known to you, O king, that we will not serve your gods or worship the golden image that you have set up.”
Daniel 6:10 ESV
When Daniel knew that the document had been signed, he went to his house where he had windows in his upper chamber open toward Jerusalem. He got down on his knees three times a day and prayed and gave thanks before his God, as he had done previously.
Daniel 6:21–22 ESV
Then Daniel said to the king, “O king, live forever! My God sent his angel and shut the lions’ mouths, and they have not harmed me, because I was found blameless before him; and also before you, O king, I have done no harm.”

II) Willingness to admit sin

A) Perhaps the least-known aspect of David was his dedication to the word of God, first and longest of Psalms celebrate the law of God – ; ; ,
B) David spent as much time as possible in study of God’s word, despite his busy schedule as king – , , ,
C) We can have an answer for every problem and guidance in the correct paths through understanding of God’s word – ; ; ,

III) Willingness to admit sin

A) David was not perfect and his sins were responsible for the deaths of a soldier in his army, an innocent infant, and 70,000 of his subjects – ;
B) Yet David also was willing to admit his guilt in each case – ; – which is the most difficult part of repentance
2 Samuel 24:17 ESV
Then David spoke to the Lord when he saw the angel who was striking the people, and said, “Behold, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly. But these sheep, what have they done? Please let your hand be against me and against my father’s house.”
C) Beyond that he changed – ; – which is the true definition of repentance –
2 Samuel 24:18–25 ESV
And Gad came that day to David and said to him, “Go up, raise an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” So David went up at Gad’s word, as the Lord commanded. And when Araunah looked down, he saw the king and his servants coming on toward him. And Araunah went out and paid homage to the king with his face to the ground. And Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” David said, “To buy the threshing floor from you, in order to build an altar to the Lord, that the plague may be averted from the people.” Then Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up what seems good to him. Here are the oxen for the burnt offering and the threshing sledges and the yokes of the oxen for the wood. All this, O king, Araunah gives to the king.” And Araunah said to the king, “May the Lord your God accept you.” But the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will buy it from you for a price. I will not offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God that cost me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. And David built there an altar to the Lord and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the Lord responded to the plea for the land, and the plague was averted from Israel.

III) Great love for God’s word

A) Perhaps the least-known aspect of David was his dedication to the word of God, first and longest of Psalms celebrate the law of God – ; ; ,
Psalm 1:1–3 ESV
Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the Lord, and on his law he meditates day and night. He is like a tree planted by streams of water that yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither. In all that he does, he prospers.
Psalm 19:7–11 ESV
The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple; the precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes; the fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever; the rules of the Lord are true, and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, even much fine gold; sweeter also than honey and drippings of the honeycomb. Moreover, by them is your servant warned; in keeping them there is great reward.
Psalm 119:1 ESV
Blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the Lord!
Psalm 119:9 ESV
How can a young man keep his way pure? By guarding it according to your word.
B) David spent as much time as possible in study of God’s word, despite his busy schedule as king – , ,
Psalm 119:147 ESV
I rise before dawn and cry for help; I hope in your words.
Psalm 119:148 ESV
My eyes are awake before the watches of the night, that I may meditate on your promise.
C) We can have an answer for every problem and guidance in the correct paths through understanding of God’s word – ; ;
Psalm 119:105 ESV
Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.
Concl: In examining the heart of David, we see why he is called a man after God’s own heart, and why the covenant of God is a covenant of the heart – .
Hebrews 8:8–12 ESV
For he finds fault with them when he says: “Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more.”
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