Paul described the human condition in 2:1–3. He explained how people were “dead in transgressions and sins” (2:1), cut off from the life of God and controlled by their own selfish desires (2:3). Beyond this they were ensnared by the power of Satan (2:2). As a result men and women apart from Christ are without life, without freedom, and without hope.
Chapter two continues Paul’s thoughts about God’s eternal purposes in Christ. In 2:1–10 Paul discussed how sinful people who deserve nothing but God’s wrath can be redeemed by His grace.