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Faithlife

Authority of Jesus Christ

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The right of Jesus Christ to speak and act on his Father’s behalf in forgiving sin, pronouncing judgment and promising eternal life to those who believe in him.

Notes & Transcripts

Jesus Christ’s authority underlines his divine status

John 8:28 ESV
So Jesus said to them, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and that I do nothing on my own authority, but speak just as the Father taught me.
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The origin of Jesus Christ’s authority

It is given by God the Father

John 3:35 ESV
The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand.
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It is limited by the Father

Mark 10:40 ESV
but to sit at my right hand or at my left is not mine to grant, but it is for those for whom it has been prepared.”
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It is questioned by others

Matthew 12:24–28 ESV
But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, “It is only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons.” Knowing their thoughts, he said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.
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The authority of Jesus Christ is seen in his works

He has authority over nature

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He has authority over sin

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He has authority over sickness

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He has authority over evil

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He has authority over death

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The authority of Jesus Christ is seen in his teaching

Jesus Christ claims authority for his own words

Luke 4:18 ESV
“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed,
See also ; ; ; ; ; ; ; The use of the phrase “I tell you the truth” emphasises Jesus Christ’s authority; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; The “I am” sayings in John’s Gospel emphasise the divine nature of Jesus Christ’s authority;

His authority is recognised by others

Matthew 7:28–29 ESV
And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he was teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes.
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His authority is questioned and opposed by others

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Jesus Christ delegates his authority to others

His followers preach in his name

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His followers continue his works

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His followers pronounce his forgiveness and judgment

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The results of Jesus Christ’s authority

He receives honour and glory

John 5:22–23 ESV
For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son, that all may honor the Son, just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him.
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He arouses amazement

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He is opposed

Matthew 12:14 ESV
But the Pharisees went out and conspired against him, how to destroy him.

He is feared

Luke 8:37 ESV
Then all the people of the surrounding country of the Gerasenes asked him to depart from them, for they were seized with great fear. So he got into the boat and returned.

His disciples are opposed

Acts 16:16–24 ESV
As we were going to the place of prayer, we were met by a slave girl who had a spirit of divination and brought her owners much gain by fortune-telling. She followed Paul and us, crying out, “These men are servants of the Most High God, who proclaim to you the way of salvation.” And this she kept doing for many days. Paul, having become greatly annoyed, turned and said to the spirit, “I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her.” And it came out that very hour. But when her owners saw that their hope of gain was gone, they seized Paul and Silas and dragged them into the marketplace before the rulers. And when they had brought them to the magistrates, they said, “These men are Jews, and they are disturbing our city. They advocate customs that are not lawful for us as Romans to accept or practice.” The crowd joined in attacking them, and the magistrates tore the garments off them and gave orders to beat them with rods. And when they had inflicted many blows upon them, they threw them into prison, ordering the jailer to keep them safely. Having received this order, he put them into the inner prison and fastened their feet in the stocks.

The authority of the exalted Christ

He is Lord

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He is Lord of creation

Colossians 1:16–17 ESV
For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together.

He is Lord of the church

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He is judge

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He is Saviour

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He is interceder

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