The Hebrew word translated made in verse 18 is literally “cut,” the practice being so general that “to cut a covenant” meant “to make a covenant.”62 Abram then watched over the prepared carcasses, driving away the birds of prey.
So the Lord said to him, “Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.” Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves opposite each other; the birds, however, he did not cut in half.
When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces.
What does this mean for us today?
No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations.
God also said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah.
You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you.
And you will be called priests of the Lord, you will be named ministers of our God. You will feed on the wealth of nations, and in their riches you will boast.
And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.
Then I saw a Lamb, looking as if it had been slain, standing in the center of the throne, encircled by the four living creatures and the elders. He had seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven spirits of God sent out into all the earth.
We proclaim him, admonishing and teaching everyone with all wisdom, so that we may present everyone perfect in Christ.