The importance of reading the bible
We interpret the bible
The story of David and Goliath
Who is David?
Who is Saul?
Who is Goliath?
Where is Gath?
Where is Socoh? (17.1)
What kind of war was this?
The Bible interprets us
Who are we in this story?
How are we like Saul and all of Israel? (17.11)
Do I have confidence in the Lord like David? (17.46-47)
Am I able to stand up for what's right even when family is against me? (17.28)
We are to do the work of interpreting the bible, the purpose of reading and understanding the bible is for the bible to interpret you.
Framework for life
The Whole Bible is for All of Life
When reading the bible we often plant ourselves in the New Testament believing that the New Testament is for us today, while the Old Testament is outdated and written for a primitive people. The New Testament is full of love and grace, while the Old is full of wrath and hate. This thinking will completely hinder our ability to read and understand and know what God has revealed in his holy word. It is impossible to understand the New Testament apart from the Old Testament.
For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.
The Apostle Paul says in , “For whatever was written in former days (Old Testament) was written for our instruction (today), that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.” What Paul is saying is that apart from the Old Testament we will lack true encouragement and hope. The whole bible is written for you, for it is your story. It is not their story, it is your story, it is our story. And this story of God’s redemption does not end with the New Testament writers. The story of God’s redeeming work is our story and we are continuing the story laid out in the pages of scripture.
Think the bible
The bible teaches how we are to think. When enemies of God seek to destroy us we should already know how to think through such conflict because the bible shows us how to think - and as we read the bible the spirit of God is faithful to renew our minds so we do indeed think the way the bible thinks.
Speak the bible
Our minds should be so saturated with scripture that our words are echoes of the scripture.
How can a young man keep his way pure? By guarding it according to your word. With my whole heart I seek you; let me not wander from your commandments! I have stored up your word in my heart, that I might not sin against you. Blessed are you, O Lord; teach me your statutes! With my lips I declare all the rules of your mouth. In the way of your testimonies I delight as much as in all riches. I will meditate on your precepts and fix my eyes on your ways. I will delight in your statutes; I will not forget your word.
Live the bible
Blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the Lord! Blessed are those who keep his testimonies, who seek him with their whole heart, who also do no wrong, but walk in his ways! You have commanded your precepts to be kept diligently. Oh that my ways may be steadfast in keeping your statutes! Then I shall not be put to shame, having my eyes fixed on all your commandments. I will praise you with an upright heart, when I learn your righteous rules. I will keep your statutes; do not utterly forsake me!
So when we read the Bible we must view it as our history, as our story, and our lives are to be viewed as the continuation of this story. Therefore when we read the Bible we are to see the whole Bible speaking to every aspect of our lives. The Bible shapes our families, the way husbands and wives treat each other. The scriptures affect our parenting, telling us how to raise our kids as followers of Christ. It speaks to careers, education, social standing, politics and government, it talks about relationships, and justice, it talks about laws and play, music and the arts. The scriptures are to form every aspect of life.
So when we read the Bible we must view it as our history, as our story, and our lives are to be viewed as the continuation of this story. Therefore when we read the Bible we are to see the whole Bible speaking to every aspect of our lives. The Bible shapes our families, the way husbands and wives treat each other. The scriptures affect our parenting, telling us how to raise our kids as followers of Christ. It speaks to careers, education, social standing, politics and government, it talks about relationships, and justice, it talks about laws and play, music and the arts. The scriptures are to form every aspect of life. Therefore, we must know how to read the Bible.
Therefore, we must know how to read the Bible.
The Challenges of Bible Reading
Is it important?
If the answer is yes, then why do we struggle to read the bible?
Don’t understand the Bible
Its so old and seems to not be relevant
It has so many weird names and numbers
Its just confusing
And when you are confused, you end up being bored.
So in this class I want to bring clarity to the bible and also show you how reading the bible is fun and exciting.
Outline of the class
Week 1 - Introduction to Quadriga
Week 2 - Ox, Lion, Eagle, Man
Week 3 - Quadriga: Historical
Week 4 - Quadriga: Typological
Week 5 - Quadriga: Moral
Week 6 - Quadriga: Eschatological
The Glory of Kings
“It is the glory of God to conceal things, but the glory of kings to search things out.”
Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!
“...that their hearts may be encouraged, being knit together in love, to reach all the riches of full assurance of understanding and the knowledge of God’s mystery, which is Christ, in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.”
All the bible points to Jesus
The Analogy of Faith
The bible interprets the bible
The best commentary on the bible is the bible itself
What does the whole bible have to say about a particular topic?
Biblical theology of rocks
Biblical theology of trees
Biblical theology of water
The bible is cyclical
Introduction to the Quadriga
History of the Quadriga
Begun in the early church
Developed by the medievals
Four senses of the text
One literal and three spiritual
Genre of the text
What we are supposed to believe
Connections throughout the bible
How does this point to Christ
What we are supposed to do
How does this apply to me/us today
What we are supposed to look forward too
How does this provide hope for me/us today
Introduction to Ox, Lion, Eagle, Man
Genesis - Joshua
Face of the Cherubim
Obedience (protect and guard)
Wisdom (love, rule, and fight)
Advise and Instruct (Judgement)
Stage of Life
Youth (1-18 yr.)
Process of maturation in the bible
Ox (priest) - [Genesis - Joshua]
The writings of Moses
God gives clear commands
Nothing is left ambiguous
They listen to the words of God
Lion (king) - [Judges - ]
The greatest King in the OT
The King who fights for his people
Taking what you have learned and applying it to life
Choosing the best of two evils
No clear direction must rely on wisdom
Building proper boundaries
Eagle (prophet) - [ - Malachi]
Major and Minor Prophets
The Prophets are part of God’s council
Communicating the words/will of God to kings
They are to council and advise kings
They offer proper judgement
They cross over borders and sour beyond boundaries
They speak with influence to the world
Man - (glory) - [New Testament]
Jesus and the Apostles
Process of maturation in life
Children - Priest
Middle Age - King
Seniors - Prophets
Week 3: Quadriga: Historical
The first sense of the quadriga is the historical sense of the text. The historical sense of the bible is foundational for understanding how to read the Bible. When we read the bible we must first seek to understand what the text is saying, and believe that the Bible means what it says. When the author of 1 Samuel tells us that Goliath is from Gath and that he was a mighty warrior we are to believe that such statements are historically true. When the bible tells us about David’s brothers being passed over for anointing we are to believe that these people and events are true. The historical sense of the text is the soil in which the spiritual senses of the text are grown. If we do not grasp the historical foundation of what the Bible says we will fall into all sorts of confusion and despair when reading the Bible. We will not understand what God has revealed to us nor will we see the beauty and truth of the text. To not understand the historical sense of the Bible we will fail in being good kings seeking to discover the glories of Scripture.
How to discover the glories of the reading the Bible historically
Verbal Equivalence – Seeks to transmit into English the words and structure of the original language
Dynamic Equivalence – seeks to transmit into English the meanings and concepts of the original language
Paraphrase – simplifies the text in paragraph format to make the meaning clearer.
Making your own translation: benefits and dangers
2) Lexical Data
Doing a word study
3) Grammatical Data
Indicatives = This is true
Imperatives = This is what you should do
4) Genre and Form
Genre = what is this?
Form = more specific
What type of writing is it?
Parables are a type of formw
Healing stories are a type of form
Genre will give a general sense of the text, form will bring in the particulars
How does the argument or narrative flow?
Tricks of the trade
Chiasm Example: Book of Daniel
1: Prologue [Hebrew]
2-7: God’s judgment on the kingdoms of the World [Aramaic]
2: Four kingdoms and the kingdom of God
3: Persecution and deliverance (Fiery furnace)
4: Nebuchadnezzar judged
5: Belshazzar judge
6: Persecution and deliverance (Lions den)
7: Four kingdoms and the Kingdom of God
8-12: God’s judgment on his people [Hebrew}
6) Historical Context
The importance of history
History and Faith
The Jewish background: sources and problems
The Greco-Roman background: sources and problems
7) Literary Context
a. Context is King
b. Making connections
8) Biblical Context
a. The Old in the New
a. Keeping the focus
b. Scripture is to form and correct our theology
10) Secondary Literature
a. Things you should own
b. Keeping the focus
c. Keeping the edge