Faithlife
Faithlife

Hebrews 5

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Notes & Transcripts

Pre-Class

Jewish Life
Layers
Melchizedek
King of Righteousness and King of Peace
Are we able to see if someone is saved or not saved? What does a saved person look like?
Doubting salvation?

Class

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What have we been learning?
What do we know about priests?
How important is priesthood and temple?
High Priesthood - Main theme for next 6 chapters
Hebrews 4:12–16 ESV
For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart. And no creature is hidden from his sight, but all are naked and exposed to the eyes of him to whom we must give account. Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
Hebrews 4:14–16 ESV
Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.
Heb 4;
Who is Jesus here?
What’s the significance of this for a Jewish audience?
Jewish life for dealing with sin
enforcement
Called out easily
Even the unclean Samaritans had this
Guilt + shame
Temple incredibly encouraging
Priest could rebuke, but also be kind
There is a High Priest who enter the Holy of Holies once a year, which is guarded by a massive veil
Only High Priest had access to God
Who Jesus is:
Passed through Heavens - Direct access to God
Deepest compassion - understands our weakness and temptation
What does it mean that Jesus was tempted? What does that mean?
Pure - irresistably attractive by embodying both grace and holiness
Open invitation of security - you know His response
Must someone have been a drunk in order to minister to alcoholics? How necessary is struggling with sin to minister to someone?
Have you ever lived with a regret your whole life?
If you’ve lived with shame and regret, you’ve probably found either a distraction or escape in moments of despair
Same sin you’ve wrestled with
Big mistake
Something you haven’t been able to fix or get over
When you’re lowly and meek in spirit, He’s most gentle
Gazing in the sky, you don’t see a menacing glare that says you’re never good enough, but a warm embrace from God that embraces you as His Son
Soul hears footsteps of God nearby
Word from v12-13 says we cannot hide
Blood all over my hands and my clothes
Dark door of our hearts opened - aluminates room
Tattered gray jacket of legalism doesn’t fool Him
Our collapse in despair, faces down, met with gentle approach
Lifts our chins, soothing eyes and a warm smile meet our sunken eyes, and He wipes our cold tears away.
Jesus is our hope in our sin, our help in trouble, our rest in despair, our peace in our turmoil.
Every shattering experience, Jesus’ throne room is still an open-door policy
You will find everything you ever need there
Apart from the feeling of spiritually needing Jesus, how qualified is He that He commands obedience to His priesthood?
Jewish Priesthood
Human
Relationship with God
Called by God
*Levital family, one of 12 family groups in Israel
How do we see these fulfilled?
Hebrews 5:1–10 ESV
For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. He can deal gently with the ignorant and wayward, since he himself is beset with weakness. Because of this he is obligated to offer sacrifice for his own sins just as he does for those of the people. And no one takes this honor for himself, but only when called by God, just as Aaron was. So also Christ did not exalt himself to be made a high priest, but was appointed by him who said to him, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”; as he says also in another place, “You are a priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek.” In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to him who was able to save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverence. Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by God a high priest after the order of Melchizedek.
Jewish objection:
Jesus being a Priest disobeys Leviticus by not being from Levi
Thoroughly expounded in Ch. 7 & 8
Author meets that objection head-on
Jesus may not have had any major sins, but was He righteous?
Jewish Response:
Jesus didn’t choose this
“you are my son, today I’ve begotten you”
Jesus’ priesthood is not Levitical
“you are a priest forever...”
Jesus not only was sinless, but morally perfect
“in the days of His flesh...” “learned obedience through what He suffered”
Whole life, but reached the peak starting with Gethsemane
Jewish Culture - Pious were the ones whose prayers were heard
God heard prayers, but answered it with Resurrection, not avoiding the cross
How has suffering been used by God to draw you near to Him?
In Jewish thought, suffering brought by God was indication of sonship. We see this indicated in Ch. 12
Very common for Greeks to think the same way, that suffering was a major stamp on your resume
Jewish thought had similarities, but also reserved
Rich had no problems because they were more sinless
Jesus closest one with God ever, but suffered immensely
He also didn’t have to make purification for His own sins
Surprising reality
Jesus is far more than we could ask for - Source of salvation
In what manner? All who obey Him
Works based? Obviously not
Relationship
“if you love me, you’ll obey me”
High Priest who invites us every day, continually, not once a year, and not only Him
For all of this, how great Christ is:
Jesus didn’t follow every commandment from the OT. Excluded Aaronic and Levitical priesthood
Let us NOT forsake the faith! Let’s hold fast!
Let’s approach God continually, expecting Mercy with confidence in who He is and His promises!
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