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The Truth Revealed-Instrumental Music OT Part Two

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INTRODUCTION:

1. This series is designed to examine doctrine.

A. Today, we will continue examining instrumental music.

1. We continue to examine whether the argument “they used it in the Old Testament” is valid.

A. All doctrine needs to put under the microscope of the Bible and thoroughly examined.

1 Thessalonians 5:22 NKJV
Abstain from every form of evil.
1 Thessalonians 5:21–22 NKJV
21 Test all things; hold fast what is good. 22 Abstain from every form of evil.

B. Then, if the doctrine does not stand, it should be discarded.

Galatians 1:6–10 NKJV
6 I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel, 7 which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed. 10 For do I now persuade men, or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I still pleased men, I would not be a bondservant of Christ.
Gal 1.6-

2. Last week, we looked at to start examining this issue.

A. In these verses, we found five elements that needed to be pointed out.

1. The material in which the trumpets were to be fashioned was specifically commanded.

2. God regulated the number of trumpets to be used.

3. God regulated the manner by which the trumpets were to be employed.

Numbers 10:2 NKJV
2 “Make two silver trumpets for yourself; you shall make them of hammered work; you shall use them for calling the congregation and for directing the movement of the camps.
Numbers 10:9 NKJV
9 “When you go to war in your land against the enemy who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, and you will be remembered before the Lord your God, and you will be saved from your enemies.

2.

Numbers 10:10 NKJV
10 Also in the day of your gladness, in your appointed feasts, and at the beginning of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; and they shall be a memorial for you before your God: I am the Lord your God.”

4. God regulated the people who were allowed to blow the trumpets.

Numbers 10:8 NKJV
8 The sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets; and these shall be to you as an ordinance forever throughout your generations.

5. The fifth and final aspect of God’s regulation for the trumpets is that they were the only instruments authorized to be used in the corporate worship of God for the Israelites under the Mosaic Law.

A. This regulation is implied, because it was the only law given until the time of the kings that regulated the use of instruments in the corporate worship of Israel, and they were not to turn to the right or left of God’s commands.

Deuteronomy 5:32 NKJV
32 “Therefore you shall be careful to do as the Lord your God has commanded you; you shall not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.

B. These regulations would be in effect until the time of King David.

1. This is where we will start with the lesson today.

BODY:

1. A LOT OF TIME HAS PASSED SINCE THE COMMAND OF

A. God’s law would remain the same for generations.

1. The Israelite wandering in the wilderness for forty years.

2. The time of the tabernacle.

3. The conquering of Canaan.

4. The settling of God’s people in the promise land.

5.

5. The era of the Judges.

6. Into the age of the kings.

A. Through the kingship of Saul.

B. Into the reign of king David.

2. David changed the practice of by adding instruments.

1 Chronicles 16:1–6 NKJV
1 So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tabernacle that David had erected for it. Then they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before God. 2 And when David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord. 3 Then he distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread, a piece of meat, and a cake of raisins. 4 And he appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord, to commemorate, to thank, and to praise the Lord God of Israel: 5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, and Obed-Edom: Jeiel with stringed instruments and harps, but Asaph made music with cymbals; 6 Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests regularly blew the trumpets before the ark of the covenant of God.
1 chron
1 Chron

A. We are going to examine this in two ways.

1. Did he have a command of God and did he follow the command of God?

2. Did he follow the command of God.

B. Did he have a command of God and did he follow the command of God?

1. Upon first examination of , it appears that David may have taken it upon himself to make changes regarding the use of instruments in the corporate worship of God.

1 Chronicles 16:4–6 NKJV
4 And he appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord, to commemorate, to thank, and to praise the Lord God of Israel: 5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, and Obed-Edom: Jeiel with stringed instruments and harps, but Asaph made music with cymbals; 6 Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests regularly blew the trumpets before the ark of the covenant of God.
1 Chron 16.

A. Notice the wording, “he appointed.”

1. And under further examination of it continues to look as if David took it upon himself to be the authority for adding to the two silver trumpets of .
1 Chronicles 23:1–5 NKJV
1 So when David was old and full of days, he made his son Solomon king over Israel. 2 And he gathered together all the leaders of Israel, with the priests and the Levites. 3 Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and above; and the number of individual males was thirty-eight thousand. 4 Of these, twenty-four thousand were to look after the work of the house of the Lord, six thousand were officers and judges, 5 four thousand were gatekeepers, and four thousand praised the Lord with musical instruments, “which I made,” said David, “for giving praise.”
2. Now, if this was all that we had concerning this topic, it would be proper to conclude that David made this addition of himself.
3. It would also be proper to conclude that any addition to the two silver trumpets would be acceptable without a command of God.
4. It could also be possible, if this was all that we had on the topic, that the argument “they used them in the Old Testament” could be valid, but this is not all that is recorded concerning this topic.
5. This is a good reason the whole Bible needs to be studied—because if we stopped with this study right here, this argument could be valid, but it is not.
Romans 15:4 NKJV
4 For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope.
Galatians 3:24 NKJV
24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

B. In David appointed Solomon to be king and left instructions for temple practice.

1. In these instructions, David said, “and four thousand praised the LORD with musical instruments, ‘which I made’”; this statement would be proper if he made them because of a command of God.

C. We know that David was not perfect and that he could make mistakes, so further examination is going to be needed.

1. His affair with Bathsheba, for example, and the murder of Uriah the Hittite () are two examples of David making mistakes.

2. During the reign of King Hezekiah, there is more concerning the creation of the instruments of David.

2 Chron 29
2 Chronicles 29:25–27 NKJV
25 And he stationed the Levites in the house of the Lord with cymbals, with stringed instruments, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, of Gad the king’s seer, and of Nathan the prophet; for thus was the commandment of the Lord by his prophets. 26 The Levites stood with the instruments of David, and the priests with the trumpets. 27 Then Hezekiah commanded them to offer the burnt offering on the altar. And when the burnt offering began, the song of the Lord also began, with the trumpets and with the instruments of David king of Israel.

A. Hezekiah had set for himself the task of restoring the temple worship because for many years prior, the worship of God had been perverted.

1. In , it is recorded how Hezekiah would commence restoring instrumental music in the worship of God.
A. What instruments were used, according to this verse?
1. Cymbals, stringed instruments, and harps and also notice verse 27—the trumpets.
B. By what authority did they use the instruments of David?
1. According to the commandment of David, of Gad the king’s seer, and of Nathan the prophet.
C. By what authority did David, Gad, and Nathan give instruction to use these instruments?
1. For thus was the commandment of the LORD by his prophets.

B. Notice the instruments that are employed by Hezekiah.

1. —cymbals, stringed instruments, and harps.
Numbers 10:9 NKJV
9 “When you go to war in your land against the enemy who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, and you will be remembered before the Lord your God, and you will be saved from your enemies.
A. These were the instruments David was commanded by the Lord to introduce.
1 Chronicles 16:4–6 NKJV
4 And he appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord, to commemorate, to thank, and to praise the Lord God of Israel: 5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, and Obed-Edom: Jeiel with stringed instruments and harps, but Asaph made music with cymbals; 6 Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests regularly blew the trumpets before the ark of the covenant of God.
2. —the trumpets of Numbers 10.
A. Notice, the priests blew the trumpets and they blown at the proper time.
Numbers 10:10 NKJV
10 Also in the day of your gladness, in your appointed feasts, and at the beginning of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; and they shall be a memorial for you before your God: I am the Lord your God.”

C. Notice, no other instruments were added other than what was approved of by God when Hezekiah restored proper temple worship.

D. King Hezekiah’s example should be how the church restores proper worship to God when faced with the question of how God should be worshiped.

1. As King Hezekiah referred to the Word of God and added nothing to it other than what was commanded.
2. So should the church when encountered with the question of whether instrumental music should be rendered in worship to God.
3. Hezekiah could have said, ‘I like this instrument, so I want to use it in worship.’
4. Hezekiah could have said, ‘This instrument will improve or enhance the quality of worship better than the approved instruments.’
5. However, he simply followed the command of God and was obedient to how God desired to be worshiped.

CONCLUSION:

1. Two commands were given concerning instrumental music in the Old Testament.

A. and the two silver trumpets.

B. the instruments of David.

2. King Hezekiah only used the two silver trumpets and the instruments of David.

A. Today, we have been looking at the validity of the argument:

1. “They used it in the Old Testament” to authorize instrumental music in the Lord’s church.

2. This argument is not valid, because instruments used in the Old Testament were regulated and only certain instruments, people, and circumstances authorized their use to play them.

A. If this argument, “they used them in the Old Testament” is going to be used and be valid, then there would have to be regulations on which instruments are to be used, how they are to be used, and by whom.

B. If these regulations exist, they are not found in the New Testament.

C. Today, people who argue this use any instrument they desire, however they desire, and allow anyone who is physically capable to play them.

D. This is not how instruments were used in the Old Testament and therefore, this argument is not valid and should be disparaged.

3. Next week, we will continue this study.

A. We will look at other people who restored proper temple worship.

1. We will ask three primary questions:

A. When they restored proper temple worship, which instruments were used?

B. Were they used correctly as to the command of God?

C. Did they add anything to the two commands of God when restoring temple worship?

4. Then, the last lesson in the Old Testament will be a look at .

1 Samuel 15:22 NKJV
22 So Samuel said: “Has the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, As in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, And to heed than the fat of rams.

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