Be Patient Chapter Thirteen: The Final Examination ()God’s address can be summarized in three questions: 1. “Can you explain My creation?” (38:1–38) 2. “Can you oversee My creation?” (38:39–39:30) Job’s first response (40:1–5) 3. “Can you subdue My creation?” (40:6–41:34) Job’s second response (42:1–6)
Be Patient Chapter Thirteen: The Final Examination (Job 38–42)The first question dealt with God’s power and wisdom in bringing the universe into being. The second dealt with His providential care of His creatures, and the third centered on two creatures (probably the hippopotamus and the crocodile) that defy man’s ability to subdue them. When Job repented of his self-righteousness, God restored him (vv. 7–17).
Be Patient Chapter Thirteen: The Final Examination ()The first question dealt with God’s power and wisdom in bringing the universe into being. The second dealt with His providential care of His creatures, and the third centered on two creatures (probably the hippopotamus and the crocodile) that defy man’s ability to subdue them. When Job repented of his self-righteousness, God restored him (vv. 7–17).
3. Can You Explain and Control My Creation? ()
3. Can You Explain and Control My Creation? ()
QUESTIONS ABOUT DAWN AND DARKNESS (38:12-15)v.12-13 Have you, like a general, commanded the morning sun to come up and shine to the ends of the earth, shaking out the wicked (who don’t like the day)?v.14- Everywhere the sun goes, it exposes what is there, like soft clay reveals the imprint of a seal and a garment come out of the closet.v.15 The light of God ends the evil deeds of the wicked and breaks the arm that rise up against its victim.QUESTIONS ABOUT THE UNSEEN REALMS (38:16-21)v.16 Have you visited the ocean floor where springs open from the earth? Have you walked the depths of the ocean (7 miles down)?v.17 Have you had the very “gates of death” opened to you or seen the doors of the shadow of death? (Over 4 miles down is called the Hadal Zone, nicknamed after the Greek god of the underworld).v.18 Do you know how wide the earth is? (If you do then, tell me - Sarcasm).v.19 And do you know where light and darkness dwell? v.20 And do you know the bounds of east and west?v.21 Sarcasm - surely you know, because you been alright since then!QUESTIONS ABOUT THE SKY (38:22-30)v.22-23 Can you explain the treasures of the snow and the hail which I have reserved for me for use in battle and war.
KJV 190011 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Beth-horon, that the Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.
v.24 Do you know the way where light comes from and wind blows?v.25 Do you explain how it rains, where the lightening and thunder comes from?v.26-27 Do you know how it rains where no man even is, to satisfy the desolate and waste ground, and to cause plans to grow?v.28-30 Do you know the father of the rain? the one who produces the dew? out of whose womb the ice comes? or the frost? or how the waters are hid beneath the stony ice?QUESTIONS ABOUT THE STARS AND THE CLOUDS (38:31-38)v.31-21 Then look to the heavens - talk to me about the various constellations (Pleiades - seven sisters), Orion, Mazzaroth (12 signs), and Arcturus (Bear) with his cubs.v.33 If you know so much about the heavens, then you should surely be able to control thigns on earth.v.34-38 Can you order the clouds to give rain? Can you send lightening? Do you know how the clouds work and can you cause them to tip over like bottles to water the dry earth?
4. Can You Oversee My Creatures? ()
4. Can You Oversee My Creatures? ()
THE LIONS AND THE RAVENS (38:39-41)Fittingly, God begins with “the king of the beast” - the lion.Can you hunt the prey for the lion or satisfy the appetites of the young lions?Are you able to find food for the lions and also how the ravens know to find the carcasses left behind by the lions?THE WILD GOATS AND WILD DEAR (39:1-4)Or, do you know the time when the goats and the calves bring forth? (The wild goat mentioned here might be the Nubian Ibex, a goat in the Middle East that hides when it bears it young.)Do you know how they give birth, grow up, and go off on their own?THE WILD DONKEY (39:5-8)So, have you sent out the wild donkey to live in the wilderness?Have you made him where he can’t be tamed and where he is able to live off the wild?THE WILD RHINO (39:9-12)The unicorn here is not talking about mythical horse with a horn on its head, but seems to be talking about a one horned rhinoceros.Can you make him serve you? Can you use him to plow your field? Can you rely upon him to help you bring home your crops at harvest time?THE OSTRICH (39:13-18)Did you give the good wings to the peacock? Or wings and feathers to the ostrich.The ostrich is a very odd bird...6-7 ft tall, weighing up to 300 lbsIt has wings but it cannot fly.It leaves it eggs on the ground and even accidentally will crush them by stepping them, not seeming to care fo her youngShe is deprived of wisdom by God yet she is able to run faster than a horse and rider.In other words, explain the ostrich and her unusual behaviour and design.THE HORSE (39:19-25)Did you give the horse strength? Did you give his next thunder?Can you make him leap like a grasshopper? or his nostrils be terrible?The mighty warhorse paws in the valley, wanting to get into the fight, wanting to meet the armed men.He mocks at fear and is not afraid, nor does he turn back from the sword.The quiver rattles against him, the spear and sheildHe swallows the ground with fierceness and rage.He hears the trumpet and says Haha. He smells the battle afar off, the thunder of captains, and the shouting.THE HAWK AND EAGLE (39:26-30)Are you responsible for the hawk’s ability to migrate toward the south? Or the eagle its ability to make her next on high?High in the rocks, the eagle can see prey afar off with her eagle eyes.They also can feed on corpses along with their young.SUMMARYGod describes 12 animals here - 6 beasts, 5 birds, and an insect.All of them exhibit the creative genius and providential care of God.By taking Job on this incredible journey from the depths of the ocean to the far reaches of outer spaces, from the lions to the ostrich, to the horse and eagle, God is saying to Job..."You did not create the world, I did.”“You can’t control the seas, but I can.”“You do not know anything about the depths of the ocean; I do.”“You can’t control the heavens and the climatic elements; I can.”“You can’t control the constellations, I can.”“You don’t feed and provide for the all the beast of the earth, I do.”“You can’t control the wild donkey and wild rhino.”“You don’t even know how such an odd bird as an ostrich and such a mighty animal as the horse and each came into being, I do.”“Job, mate, your ignorance and incompetence severely disqualify you from ruling the world.”GOD’S ANSWER: ANSWER ME FIRST (40:1-2)
KJV 19001 Moreover the Lord answered Job, and said, 2 Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct him? He that reproveth God, let him answer it.
“So, now are you want to bring a lawsuit (contend) against me and find fault with me (instruct me) because of how I have dealt with just one of my creatures?”“Before, I even think about answering your questions, I’d like you to answer a few of mine!”JOB’S ANSWER: I AM NOTHING; I WILL BE QUIET (40:3-5)
KJV 19003 Then Job answered the Lord, and said, 4 Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth. 5 Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: Yea, twice; but I will proceed no further.
Well, Job is stunned by this “answer” from God.He response in a much more submissive tone.“I am vile” - the idea here is that he is “insignificant” or “base, mean, worthless” - nothing in God’s sight.“What shall I answer thee?” - there is nothing I can say.“I will lay my hand on my mouth.” - I am just going to be quite now.I have spoken once, even twice, but I will just be quiet now.This response of Job is one of submission, but not yet repentance, and so God will ask him to answer some more questions to bring Job to his knees.ILLUSTRATION - Parent & ChildLike a child who questions his or her parents - “Why do you make me take a nap, eat vegetables, brush my teeth, wear things I don’t want to wear, make me to go school?” “You are hurting me. I don’t like it. Its unfair. You aren’t doing this right. You are unfit to be a parent.”The parent thinks, I can’t believe I am having this conversation. The parent might just let it go on for a bit with a bit of a smile.But as things go along and as that child gets more and more frustrated, eventually, the parent might sit the child down and say something like this...“You want to know what gives me the right to decide what you eat, when you go to sleep, whether you do/don’t go to school, etc.”“Well, let me just ask you a few things...“Where were you before there was any you? “Do you understand how to rent a house, how to pay bills, how to work a job?“Do you know the intricacies of online banking, dental hygiene, grocery shopping, direct debits, savings, time management, personal discipline, relational conflict, spiritual growth, and laundry?No? Okay then, well I hope you will think again before you think i am unfit to parent.”
Application - What Do We Learn from This?
Application - What Do We Learn from This?
1. There is a God and we are not Him.The contrast between Job and God could not be sharper.The contrast between us and God could not be sharper.And that is good news for us.We are not God and we don’t have to try to be God.There is a God out there who is on the throne, in control, taking care of a thousand things that we never even think of.Are you living your life as if there is no God? or as if you are God?Your God is whoever and whatever has the ultimate say so in your life? If you are the one who calls the shots, then ultimately you have made yourself god. The same with your family, your finances, your career, sports, sex, some substance, possessions - these all make very poor gods.2. The existence of God can be a source of great anxiety or great rest (, , , ,, ).For some, the existence of an all powerful, all knowing, ever-present, and loving God like the God we see in the Bible is not something they really want to accept and so the idea causes them great anxiety. They don’t want to humble themselves, and as a result either are afraid of Him or deny that He exists or deny that He has power.Those who deny God and reject God should be afraid.
KJV 190011 God judgeth the righteous, And God is angry with the wicked every day.
KJV 190031 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
KJV 190011 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences.
Those who seek the Lord and humble themselves under His hand will find rest.
KJV 19006 But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
KJV 190010 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
KJV 19002 It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, To eat the bread of sorrows: For so he giveth his beloved sleep.
How do you feel about a God like the God who speaks to Job? Does is cause you fear, irritation, anger, frustration? Does it cause you to have a deep sense of rest, trust, and peace? Or do you simply not care?3. God only humbles us so we will come to believe the truth that sets us free (, , ).Job was believing a lie. He knew there was a God, but he felt that God had failed.God had to show him the truth. This truth would ultimately free him from the lies, the anger, and the grip of pride.Jesus is the truth. He came to set us free. Knowing God through Him is the beginning and basis of all truth. Truth that sets us free to live life the way it was intended.
KJV 19006 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.
KJV 190031 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; 32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
KJV 19006 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
Have you accept the most foundational truth that frees - God exists. God is holy. God loves you. God sent His Son Jesus to rescue you. All who believe in Him are given eternal life and real living can begin, a life of purpose and service to the great God of heaven!