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The Reformation

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It’s been 500 years, does the reformation still matter and apply to me today?

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INTRO

S.T.A.R.T.

On October 31, 1517, Martin Luther’s 95 Theses were posted at the University of Wittenberg to begin a theological discussion about the practice of indulgences, but unbeknown to Luther, this act was the spark that lit the flame of the Reformation. Over the next century, the Reformation resulted in profound changes both within the church and in the larger society.
The solas, then, are not mere slogans from yesteryear; they are truths to be received and wholeheartedly embraced. They remind us what is central to Scripture and what is vitally important for the church to teach, preach, and joyously live out before the watching world.
The solas, then, are not mere slogans from yesteryear; they are truths to be received and wholeheartedly embraced. They remind us what is central to Scripture and what is vitally important for the church to teach, preach, and joyously live out before the watching world.
Stephen J. Wellum - Southern Seminary Magazine - V85 - N2
What do you believe and why do you believe it?
Why is it important to know what you believe?
500 years later, is this still important?
Illustration of need addressed.
Connect illustration to present day hearers.
Solemnly praise and recognize the greatness of our God and Savior connected to the Biblical text being preachedTouch upon the subject of corporate sin and confess any shortcomings the body has committed related to the Biblical text to be preachedAsk God to help the body/local church to hear and apply the truths of the Biblical text to be preachedReview and remind the audience of the key related passages to the Biblical text being preachedTransition to the opening of the sermon and the Biblical text to be preachedTHE SERMON BODYExpose the structure of the text.Main points should support the theme.points should follow textual sequence unless good reason to change.use simple and clear transitions to give structure to movement.Use verse references before quoting so that listeners can read along.Use personal observances to illustrate difficult concepts.CONCLUSIONBe brief.Don’t introduce new material. narrow the focus don’t expand it.Clinch the goal.Give concrete applications.GoalApplicationCLOSE
Transition = Show this need or similar issue was also the question behind the biblical text.

E.N.D.

Clearly state the theme of the text/sermon.
Exalt God in relation to the Biblical truths that were just taughtName the Biblical principles preached and ask God to help the local church body to obey these truthsDraw people to the cross of Christ by proclaiming hope and help in the person and work of Christ for salvation and sanctification------------------------COMMUNIONWhat it stands for1 Cor 11.23-26 Warning 1 Cor 11.27-29 Communion Verses Matt 26.26 Matt 26.27-28 COMMUNION TOGETHER Fellowship With Each Other Act 2.42-47
Slide Change
Title & Text
The Five Solas
Slide Change
Theme
500 years later and we are still fighting Luther’s battle.
Slide Change

Pray

S.T.A.R.T.
Solemnly praise and recognize the greatness of our God and Savior connected to the Biblical text being preached
Touch upon the subject of corporate sin and confess any shortcomings the body has committed related to the Biblical text to be preached
Ask God to help the body/local church to hear and apply the truths of the Biblical text to be preached
Review and remind the audience of the key related passages to the Biblical text being preached
Transition to the opening of the sermon and the Biblical text to be preached
MESSAGE
MESSAGE
Romans 5:1–2 ESV
1 Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

Sola Scriptura

Scripture Alone
The World Says
Truth is subjective
true for me and true for you
your truth is not my truth
truth is dead
Scripture is outdated
cultural context
what is applicable and what’s not
who decides?
John 18:38 ESV
Pilate said to him, “What is truth?” After he had said this, he went back outside to the Jews and told them, “I find no guilt in him.
Jhn 18
Romans 1:21 ESV
For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened.
Acts 14:16 ESV
In past generations he allowed all the nations to walk in their own ways.
Proverbs 21:2 ESV
Every way of a man is right in his own eyes, but the Lord weighs the heart.
The Bible Says
Truth is objective
logically consistent
Scripture is eternal
truth is timeless
2 Timothy 3:16 ESV
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,
Hebrews 4:12 ESV
For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
John 1:1 ESV
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
John 17:17 ESV
Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.
the Reformers rightly confessed that God alone is the final authority and source and standard of truth and that Scripture judges all human authorities...
Why is sola Scriptura important? Because it reminds us that God is God and alone trustworthy while humans are completely dependent on him for knowledge. Contrary to secular thought, humans are thankfully not the final arbiters of truth; only God is. Objective truth is real and we can know it because God is its source and standard and he has taken the initiative to speak to us.
Why is sola Scriptura important? Because it reminds us that God is God and alone trustworthy while humans are completely dependent on him for knowledge.
Romans 5:2 ESV
Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Romans 5:1–2 ESV
Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
the Reformers rightly confessed that God alone is the final authority and source and standard of truth and that Scripture judges all human authorities...
Why is sola Scriptura important? Because it reminds us that God is God and alone trustworthy while humans are completely dependent on him for knowledge. Contrary to secular thought, humans are thankfully not the final arbiters of truth; only God is. Objective truth is real and we can know it because God is its source and standard and he has taken the initiative to speak to us.

Solus Christus

Christ Alone
The World Says
Jesus was just a good man
the myth of the virgin birth
historical accounts
the myth of the resurrection
moral mandates
John 8:19 ESV
They said to him therefore, “Where is your Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither me nor my Father. If you knew me, you would know my Father also.”
John 8:41 ESV
You are doing the works your father did.” They said to him, “We were not born of sexual immorality. We have one Father—even God.”
There are multiple ways to God
world religions
no truth / no problem
C.S. Lewis = Liar, Lunatic or Lord?
The Bible Says
Jesus was the God man
logic of the messiah
There is only one way to God
logic of one way
John 5:18 ESV
This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.
John 14:6 ESV
Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
John 1:14 ESV
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth.
Jhn Ch 1 = Word became flesh
Romans 5:2 ESV
Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
In Christ alone God’s righteous demand against sin is definitively and completely satisfied. Precisely because Jesus is God the Son incarnate, his merits alone are sufficient; there is nothing more that we can add to his work. Furthermore, we become the beneficiaries of his work by faith alone because our Lord lived and died for us as our mediator and as our great prophet-priest-king.

Sola Fide

Faith Alone
The World Says
Faith is driven by emotion
"Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, & the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people."
Karl Marx
I can do it
western culture of boot strap ingenuity
"Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, & the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people."
Karl Marx
Indulgences and Penance
Matthew 23:23 ESV
“Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others.
The Bible Says
Faith is driven by fact
blind faith…?
irrational beliefs?
John 3:11 ESV
Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but you do not receive our testimony.
Acts 4:20 ESV
for we cannot but speak of what we have seen and heard.”
He has done it
John 3:11 ESV
Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but you do not receive our testimony.
he had to do it for us
Acts 4:20 ESV
for we cannot but speak of what we have seen and heard.”
Galatians 3:26 ESV
for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith.
Ephesians 2:8–9 ESV
For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.
Romans 5:2 ESV
Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Sola fide is a reminder that God is God in all of his self-sufficiency, moral splendor, and glorious perfection. It is also a reminder that as God, he rightly demands and deserves from us perfect obedience.
But wonder of wonders, apart from anything that we contribute, God has chosen to save us and to accomplish our salvation from beginning to end. In God’s plan centered in Christ, his has satisfied his own righteous demand and we are the beneficiaries of it by simply raising the empty hands of faith and receiving all that Christ has won for us. We contribute nothing to our salvation; God does it all.

Sola Gratia

Grace Alone

Solus Christus - 2

Sola Fide - 3

The World Says
He owes me
trophy for participation
He had to
Romans 11:34–36 ESV
“For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?” “Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?” For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.
The Bible Says
He owes me nothing
what does the mechanic owe the automobile?
Romans 3:18 ESV
“There is no fear of God before their eyes.”
He wanted to
A parents care for a child
Romans 11:34–36 ESV
“For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?” “Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?” For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.
1 John 4:16 ESV
So we have come to know and to believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and whoever abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him.
John 3:16–18 ESV
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.
John 3:16 ESV
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
Romans 5:2 ESV
Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Salvation is not a cooperative effort between God and us. Sin has left us spiritually dead in our sins and wanting nothing but our own rebellious way. Yet, our triune God, who does not need us, has chosen to act in undeserved favor toward us. Although we only deserve God’s wrath and condemnation, he has chosen to redeem us.

Soli Deo Gloria

God’s Glory Alone
The World Says
I’m worth it
image bearer - to bear not to be praised
God is for me
genie in a bottle
Aladdin & The Genie
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sccU4xjPmtY
OR
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CHbQsRBlCs
The Bible Says
He’s worthy
circular argument / self fulfilling
Deuteronomy 32:39 ESV
“ ‘See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god beside me; I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand.
Isaiah 45:5 ESV
I am the Lord, and there is no other, besides me there is no God; I equip you, though you do not know me,
I am for God
why did God create you!?
Isaiah 43:5–7 ESV
Fear not, for I am with you; I will bring your offspring from the east, and from the west I will gather you. I will say to the north, Give up, and to the south, Do not withhold; bring my sons from afar and my daughters from the end of the earth, everyone who is called by my name, whom I created for my glory, whom I formed and made.”
1 Corinthians 10:31 ESV
So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God.
Matthew 5:16 ESV
In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven.
Isaiah 48:9–11 ESV
“For my name’s sake I defer my anger; for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you, that I may not cut you off. Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tried you in the furnace of affliction. For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it, for how should my name be profaned? My glory I will not give to another.
Romans 5:2 ESV
Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
This sola is the capstone of the other solas, connecting God’s one purpose for creating this world and humanity in it...
Humanity’s goal in every area of life is to be lived for God’s glory so that by every word and deed all glory, laud, and honor is God’s alone...
In giving us a proper view of God and correspondingly, a proper view of ourselves, the solas encapsulate what is central to the entire Bible...
The solas protect us against human pride, they remind us that we are gloriously dependent creatures, and that we have been created for a reason, namely to know, love, and obey God as his servant-kings...
On this 500th anniversary of the Reformation, let us give God thanks for the Reformation and for its recovery of the gospel. And may we stand on their shoulders, especially in our secular, pluralistic age, and proclaim the gospel of God’s sovereign grace found in Christ alone for God’s glory and the life and health of the church.
CONCLUSION
Main points should support the theme.
points should follow textual sequence unless good reason to change.
use simple and clear transitions to give structure to movement.
Use verse references before quoting so that listeners can read along.
Use personal observances to illustrate difficult concepts.
CONCLUSION
It is not be one particular denomination, it is not one particular government entity, it is not one scholastic organization, it is not one single individual or culture, but be assured that these pillars of the faith are under attack as much today as they were in 1517.
Don’t introduce new material.
narrow the focus don’t expand it.
So today I ask you, will you stand in the gap!?
Clinch the goal.
Jude 3 ESV
Beloved, although I was very eager to write to you about our common salvation, I found it necessary to write appealing to you to contend for the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints.
Jude 3
1 Peter 3:15 ESV
but in your hearts honor Christ the Lord as holy, always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you; yet do it with gentleness and respect,
Give concrete applications.
Ephesians 5:11 ESV
Take no part in the unfruitful works of darkness, but instead expose them.
2 Corinthians 10:5 ESV
We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ,
Psalm 94:16 ESV
Who rises up for me against the wicked? Who stands up for me against evildoers?
“I cannot and I will not recant anything for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe. God help me. Amen.” - Martin Luther
Goal
Application
Let us continue to cherish and guard these truths even if it cost us our lives.
CLOSE
E.N.D.
Exalt God in relation to the Biblical truths that were just taught
Name the Biblical principles preached and ask God to help the local church body to obey these truths
Draw people to the cross of Christ by proclaiming hope and help in the person and work of Christ for salvation and sanctification
COMMUNION
What it stands for
Warning
Communion Verses
COMMUNION TOGETHER
Fellowship With Each Other
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