Thesis: To note that we must be faithful to God regardless of our situation because God is in
control and in the end everything will be as it should.
(1) Job’s name means “he who weeps.”
(2) The date of the book bearing his name:
(a) Job, the patriarch, lived sometime around the time of Abraham.
(b) Job, the book, was written either around the same time or possibly at some period during the United Kingdom.
(3) As James stated, “Behold, we count those blessed who endured. You have heard of the endurance of Job and have seen the outcome of the Lord's dealings, that the Lord is full of compassion and is merciful.” (James 5.11).
(4) Let us note his endurance:
I. Job was faithful during a time of prosperity (Job 1.1-3).
A. He had:
1. 7 sons and 3 daughters
2. 7000 sheep, 3000 camels, 500 yoke of oxen, 500 female donkeys
3. Very many servants
4. Therefore, he was the greatest of all the men of the east
B. In addition to this, God called him one who was:
3. Fearing God
4. Turning away from evil
C. Because of this, Satan accused Job of serving God just for the blessings.
1. God expresses his confidence in Job.
2. God allows Satan to test Job.
II. Job was faithful during a time of persecution (Job 1.4-37).
A. He lost “everything.”
1. His children all died.
2. All of his possessions are taken from him.
3. His servants all die.
4. His body is covered with boils.
5. In spite of this, Job says: “Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I shall return there. The Lord gave and the Lord has taken away. Blessed be the name of the Lord” (Job 1.21).
B. His wife wants him to curse God and die.
C. His friends (Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, Elihu) all believe that he is suffering because he is a sinner (i.e., theory of double retribution).
III. Job was faithful during a time of perplexity (Job 3-42).
A. He himself struggles to understand why what is happening is happening to him.
1. He asked the aged-old question: “Why?”
2. He himself believes that God is doing this to him.
Still Job says: “Though He slay me, I will hope in Him […]” (Job 13.15).
3. Therefore, he does question God and desires to understand better.
4. Nevertheless, he believes that he will one day be vindicated.
That is why he says: “I know that my Redeemer lives” (Job 19.25).
B. God finally does respond to Job’s questions but He does not answer them in the way that Job had requested.
1. God addresses the very thing that Job needed to hear.
2. God reminds Job that He is in control.
3. God points out that there is actually a lot of things that Job does not understand.
a. That had never bothered Job before.
b. Therefore, one other thing that Job does not understand should not impact what he does understand about God and His nature.
C. Job again had to learn to “trust and obey.”
(1) Paul states: “I have learned to be content in whatever circumstances I am” (Phil. 4.11).
(2) Not only must we be content but we must stay true to God and be steadfast (cf. 1 Cor. 15.58)
(3) We must learn to “trust and obey!”