Exegetical Idea: The Christians are to grow in love.
Purpose: Paul's prayed for the Philippians to grow in love, and discern between the love of Jesus and heresy. I also want the audience to be familiar with the gospel
Further Questions: Is this the best passage for this type of sermon?
Other: Reread “In His Steps”
A. Charles M. Sheldon is the author of the classic book "In His Steps."
\\ B. In the epistle of Philippians 1:9-11, Paul is writing a prayer to his audience, telling them to grow and model after Christ's love, and grow in the real knowledge and discernment of love. He is praying for the Philippians to grow in love of Jesus Christ.
C. [Read 1.9-11]
D. We can grow in love imitating Jesus’ life.
A. We can see Jesus’ love.
i. He healed people during his earthly ministry.
ii. He also heals people today.
B. His love is discerning. His love is just.
i. After he feeds the 5,ooo, tells them that he is the bread of life (John 6.26).
ii. We may not get what we want, and we can’t manipulate God to get it.
C. His love was a choice, when he died on the cross.
Phillipi brought about its name by Phillip II, titled "Philip's city." Around 360 BC this country began its new life. After a couple of centuries "under Aemilius Paulus, it was transferred to the Roman Empire." But due to the port of Napolis which brought competition for the country it did not become a wealthy part of land due to location, until 31 BC when taken over by Octavian and was settled by Octavian's army and enlarged the city.
Many laws were still kept such as the ius Italicum. This was the "most coveted" which brought "the whole legal position of the colonist in respect of ownership, transfer of the land, payment of the taxes, local administration , and law became the same as if they were upon the Italian soil; as in fact, by legal fiction they were." That is the reason for the roman officials on the land. So when Paul was beaten in the book of Acts (16.35-39) that is the why they had to apologize for beating him for Paul was Roman citizen.
Two religions were big during Paul's time. One is the Jewish community and gave hard time to the fairly new Christians who were still young and learning the basics. Yet another one is the Greek and Roman methodological gods "imported from the east..... imposed onto a background of the local Thracian indigenous religion."
There are five purposes of why this letter was written. Starting out saying it was a letter for a Timothy and Epaphroditus to commend them from having any criticism. Second is thank the Philipians for their gift. Next was to fix the disunity in the church members as Epaphroditus was the one brought the news to Paul about the problem.
Fourth "another source of confusion seems to have been the existence and influence in the fellowship of a 'perfectionist' group." Finally the last reason this letter written was to encourage the Philipian Christians to not worry about suffering for what they suffering for is what they believe in.
For the last thing on the background is the three hypothesis of where Paul's imprisonment was located. One which is not favorably was the Cesarean hypothesis. The most common one is the Roman Hypothesis but an argument against is Paul was couldn't wait until he saw Phillipi again. In Romans he was saying that his ministry was done in the east and he was heading for the west. Ephesian hypothesis eases the Roman hypothesis for it is more opinion than fact. But a supporting fact is that "Ephesus was the center of the imperial administration Asia, and there would have been a praetorium there.
In the second part of paper is about the literary style. Is it hymnal or literal?
A reason the passage of Philipians 2. 6-11 could be a hymnic praise is of familiar form worship the Jews did in the synagogues and some were from the Jewish community making a transition into the new covenant, the new law. There is no doubt that the Greek speaking Christians liked to express themselves in praise or hymn. For could it be by nature that is why we like to sing songs and attend focus?
Besides Philipians other considered hymns in the New Testament are: I Corinthians 14.26; Colossians 3.16; Ephesians 1.19-20.
The qualifications for a hymn are these three forms, 1) use of rhythmical style 2) unusual vocabulary 3) theological concepts.
The form of a rhythmic style would be in a poetic form and in a meditation upon person and place of Jesus Christ. Paul's unusual vocabulary has parallels between the verses 5-11, and with theological concepts they are Christian themes. In Php 2.6-11 it has a servant attitude and that our heavenly Father is creator of earth, heaven, and the under world.
To take another look, instead of a hymn it is it is considered in a literary sense it is a series of couplets in six pairs arranged in an antiphonal manner, exempting the idea of it being a hymn. I feel personally since that people cannot decide if it is or not it does not take away the theme which exalts Christ humility.