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Hebrews 1a

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Hebrews 1:1-2… Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world.

Commentary

            The author of Hebrews begins his epistle by reflecting upon the past and how God had spoken His words to His people “long ago” which is a reflection back to the days of the Old Testament. The author says “our fathers” which indicates that the anonymous writer was a Jew and was writing to Jews. The “fathers” he speaks of are clearly men like Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Joshua, Samuel, David, and Solomon in addition to the OT prophets who spoke.

In v. 1 he says, “at many times and in many ways God spoke…” The phrase “at many times” is literally “in many parts.” The first “part” was when God began to reveal His will to Adam. Later He revealed more of His will to Noah, then to Abraham, then to Moses, then to David, then to the prophets, etc. Now God’s revelation came down through time in parts, and it came in various “ways.” God spoke to Adam in the Garden of Eden, likely through the pre-incarnate Jesus Christ. He spoke to Moses on Mt. Sinai through a burning bush, to the prophets in dreams and visions, and to Daniel, Zacharias, and Mary through the angel Gabriel. David and others recorded much of what God revealed to them in poetic verse, but God also inspired other writings containing His revelation in prose. Some of it is even apocalyptic. Whatever way God spoke, and to whomever He spoke, all that God revealed to the prophets of old was unfolding in a progressive revelation, and the writer of Hebrews will make the point that all of what God spoke in the ages past has its full climax in His Son Jesus Christ who is the fulfillment of all.

            In v. 2 the author says, “in these last days God has spoken to us by His Son.” The “last days” was a phrase used by Jews to denote the time their long-awaited Messiah would appear and deliver them. Now the writer refers to his day as the “last days” because Jesus Christ is the Messiah – the Son of God through whom God would now speak and instruct His people. This Messiah was “appointed the heir of all things.” Jesus is the heir of all things while in the flesh, for being made man, he put on a man’s nature. In doing so he became the inheritor of all that God originally gave to Adam. Of course Adam gave mankind’s inheritance away by sinning, but Jesus, as the heir of all things, fully restored what mankind had in Adam before he sinned.

Now because Adam sinned, all of his offspring also sinned. Jesus, however, reversed that curse by providing atonement for sins. Those who place their faith in Him for salvation begin to enjoy the good things of God as their union with Christ allows them to identify with him and all of his inheritance as God’s Son and heir. Without Christ mankind is destitute and hopeless.

Jesus Christ is not only the heir of all things, he is also the creator of the world! It was through Christ that God the Father created the earth in Genesis 1-2. John 1:1-4 says as much, and Colossians 1:15-17 says that Jesus not only created all things but that all things are held together by him. Clearly Jesus Christ is the Messiah, and the “last days” came when God became flesh.

Food for Thought

            The Bible claims to be God’s Word. God speaks in this written word, and He has done it through many different people at many different times. Jesus was God clothed in flesh, and when he came to earth he spoke as God Almighty. He surrounded himself with men who, after he ascended into heaven, wrote down his words. Those words as recorded in the Bible are God’s words because Jesus is God, so the only way to truly know God is to study that Word allowing Christ to reveal Himself. What a loving God we serve in Christ! He has revealed His will to us!

Hebrews 1:3-4… [Jesus Christ] is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, 4 having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.

Commentary

Verses 3-4 also reveal a wonderful Christology. Jesus is first said to be the “radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature.” Radiance is light, so Jesus is the light shining from God. He does not merely reflect the light of God, he is God. Verse 3 says he is the “exact imprint of [God’s] nature” which is a statement of clarification to the idea that Jesus radiates God’s glory. The term for “imprint” denotes a mark or brand burned in or stamped onto something. It is the precise reproduction in every respect of that which it reflects.

Because Jesus is God, and because God is all-powerful, v. 3 says, “he upholds the universe by the word of his power.” Colossians 1:16-17 says basically the same thing: “For by [Jesus Christ] all things were created, both in heaven and on earth… all things have been created by him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.” So everything has its being and its nourishment through Jesus Christ who holds the entire creation together by the “word of his power.” Remember it was simply God’s “word” that created the heavens and the earth and all they contain in Genesis 1-2. Now by that very same word it all holds together.

Some folks are deists believing that God created the universe but that He left everything to natural law. He performs no miracles and is wholly disinterested in His creation. But Hebrews says otherwise. Jesus, as God, not only created the universe and holds it all together, he came to earth and poured out his blood to atone for sins. Then, after his work was complete, dying for his creation, he “sat down” at God’s right hand. Sitting down at the right hand of the “Majesty on high” is an image of the ultimate honor and alludes to Psalm 110:1 which is cited explicitly in 1:13. “Purification” of sins was the work of priests, so Jesus was a priest. And contrary to the Israelite priests who were continually busy sacrificing animals to atone for the sins of the people, Jesus made purification for sins, then he sat down! His work was fully complete (cf. John 19:30).

Verse 4 says that once Jesus Christ’s work as a priest was complete, in addition to the fact that he upholds the universe as God, he “became” superior to the angels in name and deed. The fact that the writer mentions Christ’s superiority over the angels proves that angels had become prominent in the thoughts and beliefs of the Jews – maybe too prominent. Because the Jews viewed God as impersonal they adopted the belief that angels were intermediaries between them and God who bridged the gap. Of course angels had appeared in OT times to give messages to man from God (e.g., Manoah, Daniel, Mary, etc.), but this gave rise to many false beliefs about their worship. The Jews believed in guardian angels for both individuals and nations, an angel in charge of the sea, angels of weather, angels as wardens of hell, angels that recorded history, destroying angels, and an angel in charge of death. No wonder the writer of Hebrews instructs these Jews that though angels are important, they pale in comparison to Jesus Christ.

Food for Thought

Christians today could learn some lessons from Hebrews 1. First, we must understand that Jesus is the ONE mediator between God and man (1 Tim. 2:5). The Virgin Mary and dead saints are dead and don’t hear our prayers. Jesus intercedes for us, not angels. And second, Jesus is superior to all other messengers of the past. The one who created and upholds the universe is at our service, looking out for us and protecting us in order that we might glorify Him. Are you?

Hebrews 1:4-6: “having become as much superior to angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs. 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you”? Or again, “I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son”? 6 And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God’s angels worship him.”

Commentary

            Hebrews 1:4 claims that Jesus, because he is the Son of God and because of what he accomplished as Creator of the universe, Sustainer of it, and Redeemer of mankind, “became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is more excellent than theirs.” So Christ became superior, and in vv. 5-6 his superiority is seen in both his name and his dignity.

            First, Jesus’ name is superior to angels. The author quotes Psalm 2:7 saying, “You are my Son, today I have begotten you.” This is a messianic Psalm that anticipated the Messiah, and the Hebrews author affirms it was fulfilled in Jesus Christ. King David originally wrote the Psalm, and this was a reference to him being God’s son and servant as king over Israel (cf. 2 Sam. 7:8-16). Of course God promised that the Messiah would come through David’s royal line, and Christ did indeed stem from David. In saying, “Today I have begotten you” David used this as an expression of the unique privileges he had in being God’s anointed king over Israel. But the author of Hebrews used it in a deeper and messianic sense, and so when Jesus Christ was born he was “begotten” as the Son of God – affirmed as such through his resurrection (Acts 13:33-34).

Therefore Jesus cannot be put on the same level as angels since his name is superior to theirs. The term “angel” simply means “messenger,” and although the angels in the Bible were used in a spectacular way by God as heralds of his words, they are in fact strikingly inferior to Jesus in name and function. Jesus was not simply a messenger of God, He is God’s Son.

            Second, Jesus’ distinction is superior to angels in v. 6. The author quotes Deut. 32:43 from the Septuagint (Greek version of the Hebrew text). This quote speaks of the Messiah coming and the angels worshipping him. Grammatically it can either refer to Christ’s second coming (“and when he again brings his firstborn in to the world…”), or it could simply be another quote to make the point regarding his first coming as the Messiah (“and again, ‘when he brings…’”). Either way, both Christ’s name and his dignity are superior to angels.

It’s noteworthy that Christ is called God’s “firstborn” in Hebrews 1:6 (cf. Rom. 8:29; Col. 1:15). The term firstborn is often used in the Bible to refer to time sequence in reference to firstborn children who received the rights of inheritance from their fathers. Theologically it is used in reference to prominence in position and title. Clearly Jesus was not the first to be born on God’s earth, but as God’s Son He is entitled to all that belongs to God because He is God. Christ cannot be the first-begotten and the only begotten. It is impossible that Christ be both the Creator and the created! So when he as the “firstborn” came into the world he came as One who had superiority over the world and all that it contained. He is, in a nutshell, superior to all.

Food for Thought

The angels were worshippers; Jesus is the One they worship. They did so at his first advent, and they will do so at his second advent. There are various orders of angels who sit continually around the throne of God giving him continual worship (Isa. 6; Rev. 4-5). It is not only the task of angels to worship God full-time, it is our task to do the same. It’s amazing that in our day and age angels are so revered. In Christian bookstores, on television programs, in school mascots, and even in people’s dreams angels are revered. If our society would look closer at what angels do. They worship, and they worship Jesus Christ, the very God we too must glorify.

Hebrews 1:7-9… Of the angels he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.” 8 But of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom. 9 You have loved righteousness and hated evil; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness beyond your companions.”  

Commentary

Jesus Christ is superior in name and distinction to the angels. He is also superior in his nature, role, and example. Regarding his superior nature in v. 7, angels worship Christ because they recognize him and his nature as far superior to theirs. They are mere servants, the winds and the flames of God’s glory, but Jesus Christ is God. To make his point regarding Christ’s superior nature the author quotes Psalm 104:4 which calls winds and flames God’s messengers (angels). Now wind and flame describe speed and destruction, and these are merely two characteristics of God’s angels. They are also mere instruments of God who “covers Himself with light… makes the clouds his chariot… and walks upon the wings of the wind” (Psalm 104:2-3).

But the Son has a throne that is “forever” in v. 8. So whereas the angels by nature are servants of God as wind and flame, the Son of God is eternal. And he’s not simply eternal in that He lives forever; the Son is eternal in that He has existed forever. He had no beginning, although he “became” a son of man when Mary gave birth to him. This is in contrast to angels who were created by God to be His servants. Jesus Christ has always existed (cf. John 1:1) and always will.

Second, regarding his superior role, v. 8 says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, the scepter of uprightness is the scepter of your kingdom” (a quote from Psalm 45:6). So Jesus is not only the Prophet who speaks (v. 2), and the Priest who atones for sin (v. 3), he is also the King who rules for eternity. Many liberal theologians simply cross out this passage, not because it doesn’t belong in the Bible but because it doesn’t belong in their own personal theology. Nevertheless, Jesus is Deity – He is the King who rules with an iron scepter. Note the prophecy in Genesis 49:10 concerning one who would descend from Judah: “The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until tribute comes to him; and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.” No wonder the author of Hebrews quotes the Davidic Psalms speaking of the anointed King, for the Messiah is a better David descended from Judah.

Third, in v. 9 Jesus is superior to the angels in the example he set. Jesus loved righteousness and hated evil, so God the Father anointed God the Son with the oil of gladness “beyond your companions.” Not all angels were good. Some were evil. If the Jews had the ability to relegate Jesus to angelic status, then they could also debate whether or not he was good. Of course most Jews hated Jesus, believing him to be a blasphemer. But because Jesus’ life was characterized by a love for righteousness and a hatred for evil his exemplary life speaks for itself. And because of this Jesus was given the anointing that was given to other men who held offices like prophets, priests, and kings. Jesus’ anointing, however, was the “oil of gladness beyond your companions.” This quote comes from Psalm 45:7 which is a wedding Psalm. How appropriate that Jesus, who is the Bridegroom (the Church is the bride), would be anointed with oil that is far superior to his “companions” based upon his superior and impeccable behavior.

Food for Thought

The writer of Hebrews later insists that to forsake Christ and abandon the gospel is to crucify once again the Son of God and hold him up to contempt (6:6). To reject Christ is to profane the blood of the covenant (10:29). How appropriate that the writer of Hebrews would first reveal Christ as the true and eternal King – superior to anything one might leave Him for.

Hebrews 1:10-14… And, “You, Lord, laid the foundation of the earth in the beginning, and the heavens are the work of your hands; 11 they will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment, 12 like a robe you will roll them up, like a garment they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will have no end.” 13 And to which of the angels has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent out to serve for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?

Commentary

The sixth superior trait of Jesus Christ over the angels is his work which vv. 10-12 reveal to be high above a man or an angel. Whereas the angels are created beings made for God’s purposes, Jesus Christ is the one who creates, and the writer quotes Psalm 102:25-27 to prove this. The wonderful truth of Jesus Christ being the Creator is stated not only at the beginning of Hebrews (1:2) but also at the conclusion of the letter (13:8). So if Christ is the Creator, and if the angels are created beings, then that which is created is inferior to Him who created them!

The seventh superior trait of Jesus Christ is his essence in vv. 11-12 over and above that which He created. In contrast to the angels, and the rest of God’s creation which is forever changing, Jesus never changes. Verse 11 says, “but you will remain,” and v. 12 says, “But you are the same, and your years have no end.” The created heavens and earth had a beginning and they are all passing away, for “the grass withers and the flower fades, but the word of the Lord stands forever” (1 Peter 1:24-25). Jesus Christ, however, is the Word (John 1:1-4) who has existed in eternity before the created universe. The essence of Christ is that of immutability – absolutely and eternally unchanging. This cannot be said for angels, or any other creation.

The eighth and final superiority of Christ over the angels is his superior destiny. It is Christ’s destiny to have all his enemies placed under his feet like a footstool, a quote from Psalm 110:1 which King David composed in reference to his son Solomon as its near fulfillment but in reference to the coming Messiah (Jesus Christ) as its ultimate fulfillment. Of course no angel has ever been promised to have his enemies placed under his feet like a footstool by God in the Scriptures, for there are no angels that are deserving of such a destiny. On the contrary, they offer worship to the Son of God because of his promised destiny. Even the Apostle John, while Jesus revealed to him the future when he was a prisoner for his faith, heard the cry of heaven’s multitude which included “the voice of many angels” (Rev. 5:11). And what were they doing? Singing “Worthy is the Lamb.” Why? Because it is Christ’s destiny to conquer. And it is Christ’s destiny to be worshipped and held high above all others. This could never be said of an angel. Even the angels knew this, for the one that spoke to John refused to allow John to worship him when John bowed to him, saying, “You must not do that! I am a fellow servant with you and your brothers who hold to the testimony of Jesus.” So while it is Christ’s destiny to be worshipped, it is the angel’s destiny to worship Christ and refuse worship from humans. After all, v. 14 clearly states that angels are mere ministering spirits sent to serve God’s true children.

 

Food for Thought

Hebrews was written primarily to newly converted Jewish Christians who were being persecuted and were in danger of abandoning their faith. This problem exists today with new Christians who profess Christ not realizing that the Christian faith is a life filled with persecution and ridicule. The bottom line is that Christ is superior to all, and as long as Christians know they serve the best God – Jesus Christ – they can and will be encouraged in the midst of any trial. Clearly Christianity is an exclusive faith that is superior to all other faiths. God Himself said it!

Extra Notes:

·         Jesus is superior to the fathers, for he is the fulfillment of what they spoke and wrote about. God speaks! He is the heir of all things, the Creator of the world, the radiance of God’s glory and exact imprint of His nature, and he holds all things together. He is a priest in that he made a sacrifice and sat down next to God. He is higher than any order of angel created.

·         God is surrounded by angelic beings (Isa. 6; 1 Kings 22:19), and angels are considered to be part of God’s army (Joshua 5:14).

·         Some believed angels only lived one day, and God created new ones every day. Others believed they were immortal.

·         What are angels according to the Bible? They do in fact carry God’s word to mortals (e.g., Manoah, Daniel, Zacharias, Mary, etc.). They do not eat or drink, marry or bear children. Some angels sit continually in the presence of God. They are believed to have more knowledge than mankind, and they may know the details of future events.

·         Jesus’ relationship to angels is noteworthy. Following his wilderness temptations by Satan Jesus was strengthened by angels (Matt. 4). Equally, in the garden of Gethsemane the night before his crucifixion (Luke 22:43) an angel attended him to strengthen him for what lay ahead. They not only tended to Jesus in his days on earth, they also came to the aid of his disciples following his ascension. God sent an angel to release Peter from prison (Acts 5:19) and to instruct him (Acts 10:3), to speak with Philip and direct him (Acts 8:26), to judge Herod Agrippa (12:23), and to encourage the Apostle Paul (Acts 27:23-25). But in spite of all these examples about the wonder of angels, they were simply messengers. Jesus Christ, however, has a name superior to the mightiest of angels, and as the Son of God He is far more than a mere messenger.

Hebrews 1:1-4 (NA27INT)… 1 Πολυμερῶς καὶ πολυτρόπως πάλαι

                                                                                         In many parts             and in many ways               of old    

θεὸς λαλήσας τοῖς πατράσιν ἐν τοῖς προφήταις 2 ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτου τῶν

God having spoken (aaptcp) to the fathers    by the            prophets                   on           last of     the

ἡμερῶν τούτων ἐλάλησεν ἡμῖν ἐν υἱῷ, ὃν ἔθηκεν κληρονόμον πάντων,

days                       these he has spoken (aai) to us     by Son       whom he set (aai)      an heir              of all

δι᾽ οὗ καὶ ἐποίησεν τοὺς αἰῶνας· 3 ὃς ὢν ἀπαύγασμα τῆς δόξης καὶ

through whom also he made (aai) the    ages.                                Who being (paptcp) radiance     of the glory       and   

χαρακτὴρ τῆς ὑποστάσεως αὐτοῦ, φέρων τε τὰ πάντα τῷ ῥήματι τῆς

reproduction         of the substance                  of him          bearin (paptcp) indeed all            in the word of the

δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ, καθαρισμὸν τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ποιησάμενος ἐκάθισεν ἐν

power                     of him,         cleansing                   of the           sins             having made (amptcp) he sat (aai) in

δεξιᾷ τῆς μεγαλωσύνης ἐν ὑψηλοῖς, 4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος

right        of the           greatness               in    heights,                      by such                  better      having become (amptcp)

τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς κεκληρονόμηκεν ὄνομα.

of the     angels             as much as more differing       from them                      he has inherited (rai) a name.

5 Τίνι γὰρ εἶπέν ποτε τῶν ἀγγέλων· υἱός μου εἶ σύ, ἐγὼ σήμερον

To whom    for      he said (AAI)         the          angels                     my son   you are (PAI)  I     today

γεγέννηκά σε; καὶ πάλιν· ἐγὼ ἔσομαι αὐτῷ εἰς πατέρα, καὶ αὐτὸς ἔσται

have given birth (RAI) you? And again,           I      will be (FMI) to him    for  father              and he           will be (FMI)

μοι εἰς υἱόν; 6 ὅταν δὲ πάλιν εἰσαγάγῃ τὸν πρωτότοκον εἰς τὴν

to me   for son?              When   but   again          he might lead in (AAS) the firstborn           into the

οἰκουμένην, λέγει· καὶ προσκυνησάτωσαν αὐτῷ πάντες ἄγγελοι θεοῦ.

In habited world,    he says (PAI) and             let worship (AAM)       to him            all            angels of God.

7 καὶ πρὸς μὲν τοὺς ἀγγέλους λέγει· ποιῶν τοὺς ἀγγέλους αὐτοῦ

and         to        indeed the                           angels                he says (PAI): the one making (PAPtcp) the angels of his

πνεύματα καὶ τοὺς λειτουργοὺς αὐτοῦ πυρὸς φλόγα, 8 πρὸς δὲ τὸν υἱόν·

spirits                      and the                  servants                 of him       of fire     flame,                 to         but    the     son

θρόνος σου θεὸς εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ αἰῶνος, καὶ ῥάβδος τῆς

the throne       your    the God      into   the       eternal                      of the     age             and                        the rod     of the

εὐθύτητος ῥάβδος τῆς βασιλείας σου. 9 ἠγάπησας δικαιοσύνην καὶ

straightness          rod                 of the kingdom             your.       You have loved (AAI) righteousness and

ἐμίσησας ἀνομίαν· διὰ τοῦτο ἔχρισέν σε θεὸς θεός σου ἔλαιον

you have hated (AAI) lawlessness. Though this anointed (AAI) you the God the God your        oil

ἀγαλλιάσεως παρὰ τοὺς μετόχους σου. 10 καί· σὺ κατʼ ἀρχάς, κύριε, τὴν

of gladness                            along      the companions   of you.             And    you     by            beginnings, Lord the

γῆν ἐθεμελίωσας, καὶ ἔργα τῶν χειρῶν σού εἰσιν οἱ οὐρανοί· 11 αὐτοὶ

earth      founded (AAI)             and   work       of the     hands     your        is (PAI)   the heavens.          Themselves

ἀπολοῦνται, σὺ δὲ διαμένεις, καὶ πάντες ὡς ἱμάτιον παλαιωθήσονται,

will be destroyed (FAI), you but stay through (PAI), and all              as      clothes      will become old (FPI),

12 καὶ ὡσεὶ περιβόλαιον ἑλίξεις αὐτούς, ὡς ἱμάτιον καὶ ἀλλαγήσονται·

and         as            robe                        you will roll (FAI) them,     as     clothes           and       they will be changed (FPI)

σὺ δὲ αὐτὸς εἶ καὶ τὰ ἔτη σου οὐκ ἐκλείψουσιν. 13 πρὸς τίνα δὲ τῶν

you but  the same         are (PAI) and the years of you not   will leave off (FAI).         To        whom   but of the

ἀγγέλων εἴρηκέν ποτε· κάθου ἐκ δεξιῶν μου, ἕως ἂν θῶ τοὺς ἐχθρούς

angels            has he said (RAI)  ever:     sit (PMM) from right      of me,       until     I might set (AAS)  the hostiles

σου ὑποπόδιον τῶν ποδῶν σου; 14 οὐχὶ πάντες εἰσὶν λειτουργικὰ

of you   footstool under     your      feet?                         Not         all                are (PAI)  serving

πνεύματα εἰς διακονίαν ἀποστελλόμενα διὰ τοὺς μέλλοντας

spirits                    into righteousness      being delegated (PPPtcp) through           being about (PAPtcp)

κληρονομεῖν to inherit (PAIn) σωτηρίαν; salvation?

1.      V. 5: Jesus’ name is superior to angels (Psalm 2:7; 2 Sam. 7:8-16 cf. Acts 13:33-34).

·         “Son of God” always speaks of Jesus’ deity and equality w/God (Jn 5:18; 10:30)

·         “Today” is part of God’s eternal decree

·         Begotten means “unique” – Jesus is the unique Son of God; each creature begets offspring “after his kind” (Gen. 1:11-12; 21-25).

Ø  108 direct references to angels in OT; 165 in the NT

Ø  At times appear in the forms of man (at the tomb)

Ø  Highly intelligent & have emotions (rejoice when sinner is saved, Luke 15:10)

Ø  They do not marry or procreate (Matt. 22:28-30)

Ø  Not subject to death

Ø  Created before man

Ø  Move and act with incredible speed (Dan. 10)

·         Christ must be shown to be superior to angels who mediated the old covenant (Acts 7:53; Gal. 3:19); Christ mediates the New Covenant.

·         The author uses OT Scripture to make his point – the Jewish Scriptures

2.      V. 6: Jesus’ distinction is superior to angels in v. 6 (Deut. 32:43 LXX; Ps. 97:7)

·         Firstborn (Jer. 31:9; Ps. 89:27; Rom. 8:29; Col. 1:15)… rights of inheritance from their fathers… prominence in position and title. Clearly Jesus was not the first to be born on God’s earth; Christ cannot be the first-begotten and the only begotten. It is impossible that Christ be both the Creator and the created!

3.      V. 7: Jesus is superior in his nature… (Psalm 104:4) for He is eternal.

·         Angels are mere servants, the winds and the flames of God’s glory (messengers)

·         They are also mere instruments of God who “covers Himself with light… makes the clouds his chariot… and walks upon the wings of the wind” (Psalm 104:2-3).

·         Jesus is not simply eternal in that He lives forever; the Son is eternal in that He has existed forever. He had no beginning, although he “became” a son of man.

4.      V. 8: Jesus is superior in his role (Psalm 45:6).

·         He is the Prophet who speaks (v. 2), the Priest who atones for sin (v. 3), and the King who rules for eternity.

·         He is the King who rules with an iron scepter (Genesis 49:10)

5.      V. 9: Jesus is superior in the example he set (Psalm 45:7 – a wedding Psalm!)

·         Jesus loved righteousness and hated evil; so he was anointed “beyond your companions.” Not all angels were good. Some were evil. If the Jews had the ability to relegate Jesus to angelic status, then they could also debate whether or not he was good.

6.      Vv. 10-12: Jesus is superior in his work (Psalm 102:25-27)

·         Jesus Christ being the Creator is at the beginning (1:2) and the end (13:8).

·         That which is created is inferior to the Creator

7.      Vv. 11-12: Jesus is superior in his essence (Psalm 102:25-27)… “you will remain.”

8.      V. 13: Jesus is superior in his destiny (Psalm 110:1)

·         John tried to worship the angel (Revelation 19:10)

9.      Angels are ministering spirits serving all of us who truly believe in Christ.

·         Angels protect and deliver (2 Kings 6:15-17); they rescued Lot (Gen. 19); and they shut the mouth of the lions for Daniel (Dan. 6)

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