AF-S60-030605 1 John C1
Alêtheia Christian Fellowship (Sermon 60, 03-06-05)
a Announcements, Rob’s Birthday, Celebration night, our Building project.
Last week we continued our in-depth study of 1 John and covered the first nine verses. I hope you had a chance to read at least this second chapter for yourselves.
John was not a missionary or a man of action, like Peter and Paul. He did little, so far as we know, for the outward spread of Christianity, but all the more for the inner life and growth of Christianity where it was already established.
He was not only one of the Twelve, but the chosen of the chosen Three. Peter stood out more prominently before the public as the friend of the Messiah; John was known in the private circle as the friend of Jesus. John alone, with Peter and his brother James, witnessed the scene of the transfiguration and of Gethsemane—the highest exaltation and the deepest humiliation in the earthly life of our Lord. He leaned on his breast at the last Supper and treasured those wonderful farewell discourses in his heart for future use. He followed him to the court of Caiaphas.
The first of the disciples who, outrunning even Peter, looked into the open tomb on the resurrection morning; and he first recognized the risen Lord when he appeared to the disciples on the shore of the lake of Galilee.
His intimacy with Mary must also have aided him in gaining an interior view of the mind and heart of his Lord. He appears throughout as the beloved disciple, in closest intimacy and in fullest sympathy with the Lord.
Ephesus, the capital of proconsular Asia, was a center of Grecian culture, commerce, and religion; famous of old for the songs of Homer, Anacreon, and Mimnermus, the philosophy of Thales, Anaximenes, and Anaximander, the worship and wonderful temple of Diana. There Paul had labored three years (54-57) and established an influential church, a beacon-light in the surrounding darkness of heathenism.
Irenaeus bears testimony to his character as “the Son of Thunder” when he relates, as from the lips of Polycarp, that, on meeting in a public bath at Ephesus the Gnostic heretic Cerinthus, who denied the incarnation of our Lord, John refused to remain under the same roof, lest it might fall down.
1 John 1:5-10 ~ 5And this is the message which we have heard from Him and we announce to you all, that God is Light and in Him there is no darkness at all. 6If we should say that we have fellowship with Him and we walk in the darkness, we lie and we are not doing the Truth. 7If, however, we were to walk in the Light as He is in the Light, fellowship we have with one another, and the Blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin. 8If we should say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the Truth is not in us. 9If we should confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all un-righteousness. 10If we should say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and the His Word is not in us.
God is Light and Light is first and foremost Truth.
1- It is the light that illuminates who God is, His character, which includes His holy perfection. It is actually Jesus who was the manifestation of God the very message of God.
2- It is the light that illuminates man’s thinking to enable us to comprehend our need.
3- Here, it is primarily the Light that illuminates the Christian’s closet and reveals our continued dependence.
God must have it this way or we would cease to relate to Him. We must realize our need to be connected moment by moment to the source.
In order to do that we must be transparent before God and mankind.
Stop separating the world into Christians and non-Christians; realize that we need to be transparent to all mankind in order to have God effectively move everyone closer to Him through us.
Our Love for people of all persuasions is the evidence that we are in a right relationship with God. If we are in a right relationship we are saved. If we are saved we are filled with the Holy Spirit, if we have the Holy Spirit we have God’s agapê in us. If we have Godly Love it will be made manifest in how we act toward others.
Last Week we saw in verse 9, that if, if, if, we will confess our sins
oJmologw~men means we agree, in this case with God that we are sinful and we continue to be dependant. We actively affirm our sinfulness by confessing our sins now plural. God is always pisto>v is faithful and di>kaiov is upright, just or righteous. This is God’s very nature. God is desperate to forgive us based on His character and the sacrifice made. It is His purpose and it is the result if we will accept. The Lord’s Prayer teaches us to ask for forgiveness as an ongoing thing. Not that we need to pay or feel guilt or beg, but in order to be ever mindful of living like children of God. If we walk in Light we are transparent and then kaqari>sh| washed away the ajdiki>av negation of righteousness.
DO NOT DENY---DO NOT MAKE PEACE---DO NOT FEEL GUILT
SIMPLY CLING, IT IS ONLY HE THAT CAN FIX IT.
Makes no difference how much you suffer, feel guilt, pray, fast, work hard, self-loathe, it is only in confessing and trusting in the Blood of Jesus that we are made right. His Blood and His Robe. Cling.
1 John 1:10
If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar and His word is not in us.
If we claim we have not sinned, we are calling God a liar and showing that his word has no place in our hearts.
eja<n ei]pwmen o[ti oujc hJmarth>kamen,
If we should say that we have not sinned,
yeu>sthn poiou~men aujto<n kai< oJ
a liar we make Him and the
lo>gov aujtou~ oujk e]stin ejn hJmin.
Word of Him is not in us.
hJmarth>kamen, Is the perfect tense of the verb, “to sin.” The abiding results of a past activity, so we sinned and that has forever barred the door to God unless we accept the new door, which is Jesus. To deny sin is to deny the need for Jesus. yeu>sthn, a person/being who lies, i.e. the Devil, Jesus says when Satan lies he is speaking his native tongue. When we go the selfish way of Satan then our native tongue is also lies. poiou~men, present active, to make someone do something. lo>gov,
Only two possibilities: ignorance of His Word or you don’t believe God. That’s calling Him a liar. No one listening to my voice can claim ignorance. The Truth is readily available and He is knocking on your door.
The second component John mentions is the Word of Truth is not in us has the obvious meaning and then the other meaning that becomes even more obvious to people who know Jesus and the Bible, Jesus is not in us. The Life giving Word is not present.
There is a continuous flow of forgiveness for future events, paid for in the past, if we continue in the Light, which is the same as relating to God in Spirit and in Truth.
Genuine, Biblical Christianity is in fact eternal security if we continue to actively remain in Him. Perfectionism and also high experiential spirituality on the other hand both lead to diminishing the cross, as do modern psychologies of self-actualization and “success.”
1 John 2:1-6
My dear children, I write these things to you all so that you will not sin. Even so, if anyone does sin we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the Righteous One. He is the perfect sacrifice for our sins; and not only ours but also for the sins of the entire world. And by this we know that we have come to know Him, if we keep His commands. The one saying, “I have come to know Him,” and yet does not keep His commands, is a liar, and the Truth is not in him; but whoever keeps His Word, in him, God’s Love is truly made perfect. By this we know that we are in Him: the one saying he abides in Him is obligated to walk in the same manner as He walked.
1 John 2:1
KJV:My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
NASB:My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous;
NLT:My dear children, I am writing this to you so that you will not sin. But if you do sin, there is someone to plead for you before the Father. He is Jesus Christ, the one who pleases God completely.
Tekni>a mou, tau~ta gra>fw uJmi~n
My kids, these things I write to y’all
i[na mh< aJma>rthte. kai> eja>n tiv
in order that y’all might not sin. And if anyone
aJma>rth|, para>klhton e]comen pro<v
sins, an advocate we have with
to<n pate>ra jIhsou~n Cristo<n di>kaion?
the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous;
Tekni>a is the diminutive for little children and is a term of both great affection and also stresses the authority of John over them. gra>fw is to write and is now “I.”
aJma>rthte is a special construction that means the purpose of this letter is to clear the path so the people will not engage in sinful behavior. Let’s be clear, He’s not talking about a state of sin, i.e. the sin nature, he’s talking about sinful commissions and omissions. He is saying that beyond leaving the desire to sin there is the possibility of not sinning as missteps in life. It is the ideal, just because it will not be fully achieved in this life doesn’t mean we shouldn’t shoot for it! Instead of winking at sin it takes a hard view of it saying this is not good. In Romans 5&6, Paul talks about the same concepts. It is difficult not to let mistakes drag you down without going too far and thinking sins don’t matter. Paul asks rhetorically, “shall we sin so grace may increase?”. John 8 11She said, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “I do not condemn you, either. Go. From now on sin no more.” Read Romans 8:26-39[aorist subjunctive active 2nd plural together with i[na and mh a negative of purpose so it is not sin nature, but individual sins and it is possible at least in theory not to do it.]
eja>n our friend if, if. para>klhton paraclete, we often call the Holy Spirit the paraclete, but He’s actually the other paraclete, Jesus is the first. This is your defense attorney, He instructs, comforts, encourages, exhorts and he defends you against the prosecution, which is your accuser, the Devil. Dia>bolov - slanderer, Satana~v - adversary before the Judge. di>kaion He is Jesus Christ the One who is Right before God. No one else is, so guess what, you have the only attorney that can win, because the prosecution has a case!
1 John 2:2
KJV:And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.
NASB:and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.
NLT:He is the sacrifice for our sins. He takes away not only our sins but the sins of all the world.
kai< aujto<v iJlasmo>v ejstin peri< tw~n
and He propitiation is concerning the
aJmartiw~n hJmw~n, ouj peri< tw~n
sins of us, but not concerning
hJmete>rwn de< mo>non ajlla< kai< peri<
ours only but also concerning
o[lou tou~ kosmou.
all of the world.
iJlasmo>v in the Greek understanding one makes a God propitious toward them by satisfying their anger, wrath or even disinterest. In Homer’s Illiad, men do various things to get the gods on their team. Because of this we often think that Jesus is our offering to get God on our side and of course most people think that is only part of the deal because they think they must do things to keep God on their side.
There is nothing you can do to save yourself in the first place and it is a blasphemy and heresy to think you must maintain your salvation once you have it. We contribute nothing, God needs nothing and God has done it all for us, there is nothing for us to do except spit on His efforts by thinking we will please Him. We accept the gift freely given and we continue to accept, that is all. This genuine acceptance allows relationship and relationship produces a natural effect. The effect is only Love. Love for God, which is measured by our love for each other. All activity in a Christians life is either flesh or the natural result of the Love inside.
Let’s side-track here for awhile, John will be here when we get back, Lord willing. We are not in a race to finish.
I had this parable come to me: A great King is going to have a tremendous ball to find a suitable lady for his son to marry. The Prince tells the King he wants to invite the commoners, but the King says I can’t have commoners on the dance floor of my palace so you will have to elevate them to nobility on your name.
You go to the dance and stand at the edge of the ballroom floor and because things are taking some time to get going you may become distracted talking with other commoners and may completely forget about the purpose of the Ball and some may even leave the palace.
The Prince comes to you and asks you to dance. You tell him you are dirty from working in the fields and He says go with my people they will wash you in my personal hot tub with my special soap. You tell him you don’t have a proper gown and he says I will tailor and clothe you with my special material. You say I am not a noble and he says you can wear my ring and I will seall you as noble. You say I don’t know how to dance and he says I will teach you, just follow me.
You either accept or say I’ll sit this one out. You may have another chance and maybe not.
You begin to dance and are now in a fledgling relationship. He tries to teach you how to curtsey, but you resist for whatever reason. He may move on, but rest assured he’ll keep coming back to the curtsey until it’s learned. other things are more foundational, you must learn a simple step before you can move on to a more complex varient of the same step. So, until you get it you are stuck, not maturing, becoming frustrated and actually creating the separation you feel. As Christians in the relationship we can’t teach ourselves how to dance but we can realize the hinderence to our learning is our own lack of trust. Sin is unacceptable because it means we give up trying to trust, trying to learn. We have basically said I’ll never get this, why try? the flip side is I don’t need you to teach me because I can figure the step out on my own.
Propitiation in this case means the opposite of what humans like Homer conclude.
It isn’t an angry or uncaring God that we have to appease so he will act on our behalf or at least not act against us. Propitiation is God giving up that, which was most precious to Him in order to provide fellowship with an angry or uncaring mankind. We rejected God, that’s what caused the separation. God said let’s fix this division and people still reject Him and now His Son. Christians do the same when they either think they can please God or they think there’s no reason to actually be what they claim…filled with God’s agapê.
The Greek word iJlasmo>v only occurs twice in the New Covenant but is used in the Greek translation of the Old Covenant for the Hebrew כָּפַר (cafar) atoning sacrifice in the Bible substitutionary. That which pays the debt owed so that there is no more debt and peace is the result. You can’t accept the sacrifice and then refuse the relationship because the reason the sacrifice was needed in the first place was the refusal of relationship!
o[lou tou~ kosmou not just our sin, but the sins of the entire creation. The propitiation of Jesus is far more payment than the world could ever require. You talk about sufficiency, this is proof that it is not God who limits relationship it is us by refusing to accept the gift. It can’t be that God has selected certain people for failure otherwise it says Jesus was insufficient to reach those people. The insufficeincy cannot be God’s it is ours.
1 John 2:3
KJV:And hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments.
NASB:By this we know that we have come to know Him, if we keep His commandments.
NLT:And how can we be sure that we belong to him? By obeying his commandments.
Kai< ejn tou>tw| ginw>skomen o[ti
And in this we know that
ejgnw>kamen aujto>n, eja<n ta<v
we have known Him, if the
ejntola<v aujtou~ thrw~men.
commands of Him we keep.
ginw>skomen this word is used four times in the next three verses and means to know. it’s the family of words giving the name Gnostic to the heresy John battles.
ejgnw>kamen this is the perfect form of the verb to know, so the NASB, is better rendering, “have come to know,” to give the sense that it is the abiding effect of a past action that is in view. Then our friend eja<n
ejntola<v It is the plural of order or command, hence commandment in the Old Covenant. thrw~men guard or keep or protect, subjunctive with our friend eja<n to show it is possible if, if, if. IF we hold onto and keep His commands then….
But what does He command? In the context of 1 John it can only mean one thing and that one thing has two components. Faith in Jesus and Love for each other. The first is the prerequisite of the second and so the second is the proof of the first!
1 John 2:4
KJV:He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
NASB:The one who says, “I have come to know Him,” and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him;
NLT:If someone says, “I belong to God,” but doesn’t obey God’s commandments, that person is a liar and does not live in the truth.
oJ le>gwn o[ti ]Egnwka aujto>n, kai<
the one saying - “I have known Him,” and
ta<v ejntola<v aujtou~ mh< thrw~n,
the commands of Him not keeping,
yeu>sthv ejsti>n kai< ejn tou>tw| hJ
liar is and in this man the
ajlh>qeia oujk e]stin?
Truth not is;
Of course the knowledge refered to is not simply intellectual it is also experiential. yeu>sthv one who lies or a liar the ultimate example is the father of such a person the Slanderer Dia>bolov. ajlh>qeia is our name and it is the name of God as He is the Father of us and it is the name of Jesus as He is the master of us and so it becomes our name, who we are. the Truth lives in us and therefore we live in the Truth and the Truth is Life Eternal.
1 John 2:5
KJV:But whoso keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of God perfected: hereby know we that we are in him.
NASB:but whoever keeps His word, in him the love of God has truly been perfected. By this we know that we are in Him:
NLT:But those who obey God’s word really do love him. That is the way to know whether or not we live in him.
o[v d j a}n thrh~| aujtou~ to<n lo>gon,
but whoever keeps of Him the Word,
ajlhqw~v ejn tou>tw| hJ ajga>ph tou~
truly in this man the Love of the
qeou~ tetelei>wtai, ejn tou>tw|
God has been perfected, in this
ginw>skomen o[ti ejn aujtw~| ejsmen?
we know that in Him we are;
o[v d j a}n thrh a slightly different way to constuct the same huge IF. [but, whoever (conditional) if they, then subjuctive should keep] If you should keep His Word lo>gon then…. Truly in that kind of person the special non-human God love ajga>ph qeou Has been perfected, brought to it’s proper place completed. We love Him, but it is His love in us. tetelei>wtai is a proleptic perfect used to refer to a state of being resulting from a yet to be accomplished action to come. It is the goal to be strived for.
1 John 2:6
KJV:He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.
NASB:the one who says he abides in Him ought himself to walk in the same manner as He walked.
NLT:Those who say they live in God should live their lives as Christ did.
oJ le>gwn ejn aujtw~| me>nein ojfei>lei
the one saying in Him to remain is obligated
kaqw<v ejkei~nov periepa>thsen
just as that One walked
kai< aujto<v (ou[twv) peripatei~n.
also he (in this manner) to walk.
me>nein an infinitive, to remain as a continual state. It is an abiding fellowship a close personal relationship. ojfei>lei to be morally obligated so ought or should, but if this is who you are then it is your obligation to
periepa>thsen walk. Walk of course means the conduct of life and if we are Christians we are therefore obligated to conduct ourselves in exactly the same manner as Jesus walked.
aujto<v (ou[twv) as He walked or in this manner implied is the He who in both cases is Jesus.
The test of our religious experience is if it produces a reflection of Jesus Christ in our daily life.
What would Jesus do, is great, but the question is what would He do. That is the real test because so many claim to do what Jesus would do the real test is love.
Do you really love others as much as you love yourself?