This has been described as the most controversial chapter in the Bible
Others describe it as the most blessed passage in the Bible
Many interpret this passage:
1. Totally applying to Jesus and not to David. Claim that David wrote without knowing what he was really writing and that it simply foreshadowed what Jesus would experience.
2. Others see it as relating to David and to the Lord Jesus
3. Some relate it to Jeremiah, Isaiah, etc.
When I look at a passage such as this one I have to ask myself, “What did the writer understand about this passage?” “How did he and his readers understand this passage?”
If I answer those questions I have to believe:
1. That this passage is referring to an experience of David
2. That without knowing it David is looking ahead to the experience of Jesus
*Jesus quotes this passage while on the cross
*I believe that there is real danger in taking what we know and imposing it over the Old Testament to make it say something that was not intended by the writer.
I. The experience of David
1. David felt alone and forsaken by the Lord v. 1
ð Significant that this comes immediately after Psalm 20-21. David experienced the same highs and low that we do
ð David is honest before the Lord: Do you ever get the impression that Christians are not entirely honest about their struggles?
2. David felt that God was not helping him or listening to the words of his groaning vv. 2-3
ð Obviously this goes right along with verse 1
ð Often we quickly say, “God hasn’t moved, we have.” While I agree with this statement 100% I don’t see any indication here that David had sinned or walked away. I believe that this is just one of those times when it felt like God was not there.
ð These statements often make us feel or sound spiritual, but often I believe that they hide the fact that at times God does not make sense to us.
3. David is aware of who God is and what God is like vv. 3-5
ð God is holy: He is above reproach. God has not sinned against David
ð God is enthroned in the praise of Israel: No matter what things seem like God is worthy of our praise!!
ð God is worthy to be trusted in all He does v. 4-5
4. David has been humiliated by the people vv. 6-8
I do not know when this took place
1) Considered as a worm
2) I am no man
3) I am reproached and despised
4) I am ridiculed, mocked, and head shaken
“He trusted in God, let God deliver him!!”
I think of the hardest things is when people mock our God. We so often want God to step in and work to shut their mouths, yet so often God does not respond. This can make us feel low.
5. David stops again and remembers how God has been his God vv. 9-10
You took me out of the womb
You made me trust at a young age
You have been my God
6. David’s helplessness in his situation vv. 11-18
7. David’s prayer and main request of the Lord vv. 11, 19-21
While David asks for strength and deliverance the thrust of his request is for God’s presence.
Often our focus is on God’s quick fix, not God’s presence or nearness
8. David’s change of tone vv. 22-31
One of praise and thanksgiving
One of deliverance and closeness to the Lord
One of obligation and duty
Close with talking about how these things also look ahead to the Lord Jesus Christ